Hobbes vs. Smith Essay

3177 Words Sep 22nd, 2013 13 Pages
Social Order Creation: Hobbes vs. Smith

Hobbes and Smith are at odds about the idea of how power plays into social order creation. Hobbes believes that in the state of nature, man has no power to control others, and because of this, everyone is aggressive towards one another, as no one can trust another. Because of this, social order is necessary to give man incentive towards cooperation and trust, by selling your individual rights to freedom in order to gain social rights of security and safety. The role of the social order is to combat man’s aggressiveness, man’s power to hurt one another and direct this towards positive social ends instead of destructive. On the other hand, Smith believes that at the state of nature, man
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Hobbes believes that in the state of nature, man has no power to control others, and because of this, everyone is aggressive towards one another, as no one can trust another. Because of this, social order is necessary to give man incentive towards cooperation and trust, by selling your individual rights to freedom in order to gain social rights of security and safety. The role of the social order is to combat man’s aggressiveness, man’s power to hurt one another and direct this towards positive social ends instead of destructive. On the other hand, Smith believes that at the state of nature, man actually tends towards harmonious relationships of bartering and are willing to work together instead of apart. He utilizes individual power to give him leverage in transactions. His creation of social order is not to control this tendency, but rather to create a system in which it can flourish, which he calls the division of labor. In this, each man finds his place in the social order, produces something in particular, and a lot of the transaction costs from bartering are worked past. Unlike Hobbes, he believes that social order simply adds to the ability of man’s power towards transaction.
Social Order Creation: Hobbes vs. Smith

Hobbes and Smith are at odds about the idea of how power plays into social order creation. Hobbes believes that in the state of nature, man has no power to control others, and because of

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