Hoc Networks : A New Prototype Of Wireless Communication For Mobile Hosts

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1. INTRODUCTION:
Ad hoc networks are a new prototype of wireless communication for mobile hosts (which we call nodes).In an Ad hoc network, there is no fixed particular infrastructure such as base stations and mobile nodes. Mobile nodes that are within each other’s radio frequency range communicate directly via wireless links, while those that are far apart depend on other nodes to forward messages as routers. Ad hoc networks are peer to peer networks of mobile nodes. They are mostly used in sensor networks, habitat monitoring and robotic collaboration. In the recent times, Ad hoc networks have evoked increasing interest as adjustable distributed application environments. These days many people are using different types of wireless devices, such as laptops, mobile phones, PDAs (personal digital assistant) and mp3 players, as part of their professional and private lives. For the most part, these devices are used separately because the network applications do not interact. Ad hoc wireless communication between devices can be defined as a scheme, often indicated as the Ad hoc network, which allows devices to establish communication between the nodes anytime and anywhere to transfer data without the aid of a central infrastructure. The concepts of mobile Ad hoc networking along with its applications that can be envisioned are being described in this report. Ad hoc networking covers different types of positions in a communication. An Ad hoc Network framework can comprise of a

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