Hofstede 's Five Dimensions Of Culture Essay

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VI.Culture Management Hofstede’s five dimensions of culture include: >Small vs. large power distance (PD) – Society handles inequalities and the extent to which the less powerful members of organizations and institutions accept and expect that power is distributed unequally.(G. Hofstede 1980) >Individualism vs. collectivism (IDV) – Behavior towards community. The degree to which individuals are integrated into groups or are expected to look after themselves and self-actualize.(G. Hofstede 1980) >Masculinity vs. femininity (MAS) – Behavior and roles distributed according to gender. often renamed by users of Hofstede’s work to Quantity of Life vs. Quality of Life because one of the notable findings in the IBM studies revealed that in ‘masculine’ cultures, people value competitiveness, assertiveness, ambition, and the accumulation of wealth and material possessions whereas in ‘feminine’ cultures, people value relationships and quality of life.(G. Hofstede 1980) >Weak vs. strong uncertainty avoidance (UA) – Need for structure. Cultures with low uncertainty avoidance tend to accept risk and change and prefer implicit or flexible rules and guidelines.(G. Hofstede 1980) >Long vs. short term orientation (LTO) – Society values long-standing, as opposed to short term, traditions and values. Cultures with high long-term orientation place strong importance on family, discipline and social obligations.(G. Hofstede 1980) The era of knowledge has led to major changes at all
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