Holden Caulfield 's The Catcher Of The Rye

1213 Words Nov 2nd, 2016 5 Pages
The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger’s protagonist, Holden Caulfield suffers from depression due to the death of his younger brother, Allie. Allie’s premature passing elicits Holden’s cynical views of the world and the “phonies” around him. Holden isolates himself from those around him in order to shy away from the complexities of life. Salinger uses a hat, a museum, and a merry-go-round to illuminate Holden’s inner turmoil with people, the notion of adulthood, and growing up. Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory and the studies of Ego, Superego, and Id are used to show the significance of Holden’s behavior in The Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger.
The eccentric hat that Holden holds close to him symbolizes his desire differentiate himself from the common place “phonies” around him and hold on to his brother’s lost childhood. Holden’s perception of the people is one of disdain because he believes no one acts how they truly feel. Growing up terrifies Holden as it leads to the “phoniness” of adulthood. The hat, with its bizarre style, embodies Holden’s wish to hold on to the triviality and simplicity that childhood allows and offers him “quite a lot of protection” (213). However, Holden is embarrassed to wear the hat around his peers because he is uncomfortable being too different. Causing conflicting thoughts in Holden’s mind that leads to his depressed state.
The super ego in this book is represented by the authorities in general, the school and society and its…
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