Home Care Over Residential Care

1097 WordsNov 6, 20165 Pages
Worldwide, the number of people who have dementia has dramatically increased over the years. This means that there will be a greater demand for facilities to care for these patients in the future. In general, people tend to prefer home care over residential care, but it has been proven that people in the late stages of dementia need greater care. There is a great deal of criticism involved with large-scale nursing homes, and hospital environments, so in response, a new method, called “small-scale living” or a microenvironment is being introduced (DeRooj 2011). The shift of practice from hospital-like environments to homelike environments is entitled “small-scale living.” The style of living is described as a homelike approach in which a small number of patients live together and form a home along with staff. The residents are encouraged to live a normal daily life and social participation is promoted (Verbeek 2009). The idea is that the residents should be able to live with people who make them feel relaxed and enjoy the social interaction among a small group of people. An occupational therapist and CEO of the Lantern in Ohio, Jean Makesh, said, “As we get older, we work so hard and try to save money to have a very comfortable retirement, so I thought, ‘Let’s make it fun and exciting for these people, like a resort or a hotel (Pennell).” Makesh’s idea is strategic as well as it provides a comfortable way for dementia and Alzheimer patients to live. The “small-scale
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