Homeland Security: Theory and Practice

691 Words3 Pages
Homeland security: Theory and practice The creation of the Department of Homeland Security was an unusual development in the history of American government. It was established in the wake of the attacks upon the Pentagon and World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. The ability of terrorists to perpetuate the attacks was blamed, at least in part, upon a failure of law enforcement agencies to pool information and other failures of intelligence-gathering. The Department was created to rectify those deficits. Counterterrorism; border safety; preparedness, response, recovery, immigration, and cyber-terrorism are the main foci of the Department. The stated mission of the Department is as follows: "We will lead the unified national effort to secure America. We will prevent and deter terrorist attacks and protect against and respond to threats and hazards to the nation. We will ensure safe and secure borders, welcome lawful immigrants and visitors, and promote the free-flow of commerce" (Smith & Moss n.d.). Homeland security is thus a multifaceted concept. Some definitions have attempted to classify homeland security solely as an anti-terrorist movement. But, given the responsibilities of the Department of Homeland Security, this definition seems exceedingly narrow. Such a definition is as follows: "Homeland security is a concerted national effort by federal, state and local governments, by the private sector, and by individuals to prevent terrorist attacks within the United
Open Document