Homelessness As Positively Affected by the McKinney Act

1436 WordsJul 9, 20186 Pages
This paper will attempt to explain the plight faced by one of the largest, most vulnerable populations in America today: the homeless, and how the McKinney Act has affected it. This out-group faces many hardships and many different policies have been put into place both helping and harming their overall wellbeing. Policies Implemented For Homeless Many social welfare policies have been put into place throughout the course of history to attempt to deal with the ever present problem of homelessness. Starting at the first widespread attempt by the government with the implementation of the Elizabethan Poor Law, which placed the plight of the poor into the realm of responsibilities of the community; and serves as the very basis for our…show more content…
The lack of affordable health care contributes as well to the problem of homelessness; an unexpected illness can turn finances upside down leaving families suddenly homeless (Center for Public Interest Research, nd). Political factors also play into homelessness, when the federal government slashes funding for integral social programs like housing assistance the number of homeless persons skyrockets (Center for Public Interest Research, nd). Social problems are yet another contributing factor as to why a person may end up homeless, especially with drug and alcohol addictions, and as many as 25% of the homeless suffer from some form of mental illness (Center for Public Interest Research, nd). Many women and children are homeless as a result of fleeing domestic violence and there not being adequate shelters or programs to provide assistance (Center for Public Interest Research, nd). Description and History of McKinney Act Policy The McKinney Act originally consisted of fifteen different programs that provided a broad range of services from emergency shelter, transitional housing, job skills training, health care, and education and in some instances permanent housing (HUD, 2013). Since its inception the policy has been renewed and expanded upon many times. In October 2000 President Clinton renamed the policy the McKinney-Vento Act when a longtime supporter of the act, Representative Bruce Vento passed away. (NCH, 2006) Currently the act has nine different titles as
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