Homeostasis Of The Ph Levels

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Homeostasis of the pH levels in the body is very important to the overall survival rate of human. Secondary to the brain and heart, the arterial blood pH is one of the most critical levels that must be maintained in order to avoid serious complications including death. Four conditions that can be associated with an abnormal arterial blood pH level are respiratory acidosis, respiratory alkalosis, metabolic acidosis, and metabolic alkalosis. The body has natural compensatory mechanisms in place to regulate the arterial blood pH balance, however if they fail to regulate the pH level there are other treatment options available. Many factors can affect the acid-base balance such as gender, body size, environmental temperatures, lifestyle choices, and age. The elderly is at a higher risk of acid-base imbalances, especially the arterial blood pH levels. The normal pH level for arterial blood is between 7.35-7.45, which is slightly alkaline. If a pH of 7 is considered neutral, then if the pH level is greater than 7, it is more alkaline, and if it is less than 7, it is more acidic. Since the pH range for arterial blood has such as small window, it is very important for the other organs and fluids to fluctuate in their range in order to maintain homeostasis. Arterial blood pH must remain within the range of 7.35 and 7.45 to ensure that there is an adequate amount of oxygen in the blood and within the cells ("pH balance," n.d.). If the level drops under 7.35, this indicates acidosis
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