Essay on Homework Performance: A Review of the Literature

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Homework Performance:
A Review of the Literature
Homework has, traditionally, been considered an important part of a quality education. Recent studies have begun to raise questions as to the validity of this school of thought. (Cooper, 2006) For the purpose of my action research project, homework is recognized as an important component in a student’s education experience. I have recently observed a problem with some of the students in my 3rd grade class not completing and turning in homework assignments. The research topic stems from this classroom observation and raises several questions:
1. Does homework performance have a direct correlation to student academic performance?
2. What strategies can result in improvement in student
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While each of the studies reviewed had flaws, the relationship between homework and performance appeared to be, for the most part, a positive one. Causal models and correlations showed a positive effect of homework on school performance. Experimental evidence suggests that test score imrovement is related to homework performance. On the other hand, some correlation studies suggested that the connection between homework and achivement is weak. Although the literature appears to indicate that study results are inconclusive regarding the homework-achievement correlation, most educators believe that “homework can be an important supplement to in-school academic activities.”(Henderson,1996). The studies reviewed in the literature showed that the majority of evidence indicates a postivie connection between homework and student performance.
What strategies can result in improvement of student homework performance?
Multiple approaches to intervention strategies were addressed in the literature. The acceptance and advantages of the use of homework were considered (Eilam, 2001). Interventions utilized included specific homework recording procedures, the teaching of self-regulating strategies, and teaching strategies for understanding the assignment.
One research investigation studied the effect of student-managed interventions on homework performance (Olympia, et al, 1994). Lieberman et al state that “considering that existing research generally…

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