Homosexuality: Nature or Nurture

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The aspect of human development across one’s lifespan has always been one of the most fascinating fields related to psychology and human sexuality. Among the controversial topics that are related with development across the human lifespan is the theory of “Nature versus Nurture”. It is an unsolved debate that has been around for centuries. It covers a broad spectrum of topics from intelligence to emotions, or in this case homosexuality. Although homosexuality is often thought of as a trait that is “genetically determined”, many others disagree and argue that it is rather a learned behavior (Lathe, pg. 20) Is it nature or nurture that causes this so-called “abnormality”? Or does it depend on what we define as being “normal”? To better answer the questions that continue to infect humanity about sexual orientation, it is important to first understand what the theory of nature and nurture is and how it applies to homosexuality.
Nature and nurture refers to the relationship between the development of genetic and environmental factors. (Lynch, pg.48) Nature relates to the “innate abilities arising from genes” whereas nurture refers to the “acquired abilities [that are] learned via interaction with the environment” (Lynch, pg. 48) Psychologists on the environmental side are called empiricists who believe that human development is fully influenced by a person’s environment. (Lynch, pg. 49) On the opposite end are the nativists, who believe that a “person’s development is based
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