Homosexuality: a Comparison of Western and Eastern Viewpoints

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HOMOSEXUALITY: A COMPARISON OF WESTERN AND EASTERN VIEWPOINTS

The purpose of this paper is to shed a positive light on homosexuality. The paper will also look at how religion has shaped the views that people have regarding homosexuality. It will be seen that, for the most part, Christianity in the West has encouraged people to take a negative attitude on the subject. By contrast, the Eastern religion of Buddhism has taught people to have a more tolerant attitude toward homosexuality. It will be argued that the negative view of homosexuality which is frequently encountered in the West is actually based more on political reasons than on moral reasons. It will also be argued that once the political reasons for opposing
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They close the sexual act to the gift of life. They do not proceed from a genuine affective and sexual complementarity."[6] The Catholics are not the only group of Christians to see homosexuality as unnatural. For example, the members of the Protestant group known as the Presbyterians also feel this way. The writers of the Christian magazine The Plough also see homosexuality as being unnatural. In an article in The Plough, it was said: "By unnatural we simply mean behavior which is contrary to the intent of nature."[7] According to this article, there are two reasons why homosexual activity should be seen as being unnatural. The first reason is because of the anatomy of the human reproductive system. In other words, the sexual organs of men and women are apparently designed for the purposes of heterosexual, rather than homosexual, sex. The second reason is that homosexuality leads to "a host of strange infectious diseases."[8] Thus, the writers of The Plough feel that homosexuality is unnatural because it can lead to diseases such as AIDS, syphilis and gonorrhea. What the writers don't mention is that heterosexual behaviors can also lead to these diseases. Some Christians are especially opposed to the homosexual practice of anal sex (or

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