Honey Bees And Its Effect On The Agricultural Industry

1465 WordsDec 24, 20156 Pages
Since the late 1900’s, honeybees have been mysteriously disappearing in unusually high rates across the nation. The total number of these honey bee colonies has decreased from 5 million in the 1940s to only 2.5 million colonies today. Even though the bee colonies have decreased, the need for pollinators, such as bees, has increased dramatically. Declines in honey bee colony health were provoked further in the 1980s with the arrival of new pathogens and pests. The arrival of Varroa and tracheal mites into the United States during the 1990s created additional stress on the honey bee population. These various mites attack both adult bees and the developing honey bee larvae and can transmit viruses. Since honey bees are a critical link within United States agriculture, their disappearance has been very detrimental to the agricultural industry, for many flowering plants need pollinators to produce fruits, vegetables, and nuts. The total honey bee pollination is responsible for more than $15 billion in increased crop value every year. Commercial production of many special crops as stated above depend on pollination by honey bees. These are the foods that give our diet aspects such as diversity, flavor, and nutrition. Unfortunately, the bees have been suffering from something called Colony Collapse disorder or CCD, which is defined as a dead colony with no adult bees present, or dead bee bodies but with a live queen and honey and juvenile bees still present. The scientific
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