Hopelessness Concept Paper

2643 WordsNov 6, 201111 Pages
Running Head: CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF HOPELESSNESS 1 Hopelessness: A Concept Analysis by Linda Gouthro A Paper Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for NU 607 Critical Analysis of the Scientific Underpinnings of Advanced Nursing Practice University of South Alabama College of Nursing Fall 2010 Running Head: CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF HOPELESSNESS 2 Hopelessness: A Concept Analysis Introduction Paragraph: Hopelessness is a familiar term generally used to denote a negative emotional state. Despite frequent use of the term in the English language, conveying what might be considered a simplistic idea, hopelessness as a concept is multi-dimensional and complex. A review of the professional literature reflects an…show more content…
Hopelessness is an emotion that evolves from a sense of futility realized by acknowledging a state of helplessness (Anderson-Nathe, 2008). Definitions of hopelessness in the medical literature reflect varying perspectives and focus. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV-TR, 2000) published by the American Psychiatric Association organizes symptoms into diagnostic psychiatric categories. Hopelessness is a symptom of depression, but not viewed as a unique Running Head: CONCEPT ANALYSIS OF HOPELESSNESS 5 concept. Revising research published earlier, Abramson, Metalasky, and Alloy (1989) proposed a modified theory titled hopelessness depression. Hopelessness was defined based on two fundamental ideas: first, a negative outcome is anticipated and second, control to change the outcome is absent (1989). Similarly, O'Connor, and Cassidy (2007) described hopelessness as an existing condition colored by the prospect of negative outcomes, while others view hopelessness as it relates to negative cognitions (Williams, Van der Does, Barnhofer, Crane, & Segal, 2008). From a nursing outlook, hopelessness has been accepted as a concept in the nursing literature, driven by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association's (NANDA) inclusion of hopelessness as nursing diagnosis (North American Nursing Diagnosis
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