Horatian and Juvenalian Satire

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Horatian and Juvenalian Satire Satire has many definitions, but according to Merriam Webster satire can be defined as “A literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn” (Webster). This definition is likely used by many authors who exercise the application of satire. Satire has been in literature since ancient times; it is derived from the Latin satura, meaning "dish of mixed fruits," (Weisgerber). Many satirists have shared a common aim: to expose foolishness in all its guises — vanity, hypocrisy, formalism, reverence, and the intolerance toward those who hold different opinions from oneself (Moyers). As previously mentioned, the term satire was originally derived from satura, defined by Quintilian, a roman…show more content…
Often, characters in a Juvenalian narrative are concealed representations of public figures or archetypes of existing groups or modes of thought (Rankin). The characters are made to act in such a way that the beliefs or behaviors the satirist wishes to attack are made to appear evil or ludicrous (Rankin). Juvenalian satirists are generally very critical of their targets. They tend to see these targets as malicious or deliberately harmful to society (“What’s the Difference”). In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Juvenalian satire is used to mock societal structure, power, and civilization (Thomas). The plot’s strongest sociopolitical element Golding satirizes is the need for civilization against the need for power (Stratford). The main characters of the story bond over their hatred toward the opponents as they try to fight for their beliefs that civilization is far more valuable than power in their society. Throughout the book Juvenalian satire becomes apparent by how the characters show loathing toward their enemy and only showing the opponent's flaws and none of their positive aspects (Stratford). Lord of the Flies is a great written piece of literature to represent Juvenalian satire because the plot is based on showing only the imperfections of the opposing side. Another example of Juvenalian satire is A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift (Thomas). Jonathan Swift is actually one of the most
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