Horses of the Wild West and the World Essay

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Domestication of the horse took place 5-6,000 years ago, near the end of the Neolithic period. It is almost certain that it first took place in Eurasia, through the nomadic Aryan tribes, around the Black and Caspian Seas. It is from this point in the history of the world that the existence of truly wild horses begins to decline; their place taken by domestic stock. Horses are located all over the world, depending on their location and the traits they poses; they have all since been given specific breeds. The closest living relative to the horses of today is the Asiatic Wild Horses. These horses are better known as the przewalskii horses, which were discovered by Nicolai Mikhailovitch Przewalskii in 1879. Within 10 years of…show more content…
Between 1884 and 1911 imported stallions, as well as some mares, were introduced to the wild herds. The horses established breeding colonies, and were rounded up regularly to be sent to the mainland. Today, there are 2-3,000 horses on the island, divided among different stallions. The horses’ coat color is mainly bay, followed by chestnut, but there are also some palominos, browns, and blacks. The horses stand around 14 hands, and are still acknowledged for being one of the toughest breeds in the world. The islands of Chincoteague and Assateague are inhabited by wild stock. Majority of the ponies live on Assateague, which is now a National Park. In 1933 the islands were managed by the Chincoteague Volunteer Fire Department, who looked after the well-being of the ponies. The Federal Fish and Wildlife Service was introduced to the islands in 1943, to protect the wild fowl and seabird populations. The needs of the ponies were not entirely compatible with the needs of the birds; and when the FFWS fenced off its government built pools in an effort to preserve the wild fowl habitat the ponies were greatly affected. The fencing of the pools confined the ponies to a small low-lying marshy part of the island and reduced the grazing areas substantially. The ponies were also denied access to the sea, which is where they went to in the summer to avoid mosquitoes. Due to the

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