Horticulture: Agriculture and Post Harvest Management

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Developing Horticulture sector in India The horticulture sector encompasses a wide range of crops e.g., fruit crops, vegetable crops, potato and tuber crops, ornamental crops, medicinal and aromatic crops, spices and plantation crops. India, with its wide variability of climate and soil, is highly favourable for growing a large number of horticultural crops. It is the fastest growing sector within agriculture. It contributes in poverty alleviation, nutritional security and have ample scope for farmers to increase their income and helpful in sustaining large number of agro-based industries which generate huge employment opportunities. Presently horticulture contributes 28 per cent of agricultural GDP. The national goal of achieving 4.0 per…show more content…
The priority areas under the mission include horticultural research and development, improving post harvest management and promoting processing and marketing of horticultural crops. The special attention is devoted to the promotion of horticultural export through establishment of focal Agricultural Export Zones (AEZs). Some of the main reforms are: (1) removal of licensing requirements and government control over cold storage fees; (2) amendments of APMC Acts to allow contract farming, private sector investments in wholesale markets and direct marketing between buyers and sellers; (3) approval of foreign direct investment (FDI) in food processing and marketing with the exception of retail marketing; (4) removal/relaxation of quantitative restrictions on import and export of food items (except items on the negative list)and capital goods; (5) abolition of minimum export price (MEPs); and (6) tax reform including the adoption of VAT to replace purchase and sales taxes in several states. HORTICULTURE Introduction The wide range of agro-climatic conditions of India is conducive for growing a large
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