Hospital Acquired Infection Paper

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Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) causes significant morbidity and mortality in developing and developed countries. There are more than 1.4 million patients who are infected by nosocomial infection worldwide (Pittet et al, 2008). The rate of hospital-acquired infection among patients in developing countries is 2-20 times higher than that reported for patients in developed countries (Damani, 2007). The southern and eastern Mediterranean area has been recognized as a high prevalence region for hospital acquired infections, in particular, those caused by Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) (Borg et al, 2007). Annually, in developing countries more than 10% of hospitalized patients acquired the infection. The World Health Organisation (2009) pointed to recent studies carried out in Tunisia, Albania, Morocco, and the United Republic of Tanzania. They used a day prevalence survey to assess the Hospital acquired infection (HAI). The prevalence rate of HAI varied between 19.1% and 14.8%. The HAI burden is more serious and dangerous in high risk population such as neonates and adults accommodated in the Intensive care unit (ICU) (WHO, 2009). The assessment of HAI…show more content…
According to WHO (2009), there are several studies that provide quantitative evaluation of budget savings via hand hygiene promotion programs. Pittet et al, (2000) conducted a study to assess the direct and indirect effects of the hand hygiene promotion program. He observed that the hand hygiene program saves money even if the reduction of HAI is less than 1%. Although hand hygiene is considered the most effective, simple and cheap infection control measure, hand washing in developing countries in general is viewed as suboptimal. For example, the hand hygiene compliance rate in Turkey is less than 33% (Alp et al, 2011) and in Ethiopia, it is 38.7% (WHO,
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