Hot Springs, Arkansas

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Hot Springs, Arkansas is nestled in the heart of the Ozark Mountains among the U.S. Interior Highlands. Hot Springs National Park is the first National Park in the country situated about 55 miles southwest of Little Rock. The thermal waters fed by natural springs have been popularly believed to possess therapeutic healing properties. Following federal protection in 1832, the city flourished as a spa town. A hub of tourism, these springs have attracted the multitudes since the early 1900s. “Bathhouse Row” as it is lovingly referred to, has taken full advantage of the thermal hot waters and does so still today utilizing the 47 springs within the area. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. Gangsters such as Al…show more content…
As the water filters downward the warmer igneous rocks surrounding heats and removes the impurities. As the process continues, the water dissolves the minerals in the rocks leaving a very mineral rich heated flow (Fellowes, 1968). A geochemical analysis of the 28 wells ranging from the Quartz, Shale, and Hot Springs Formations, as well as the Little Missouri and Caddo Gap Springs return high levels of minerals Calcium, Sodium, Bicarbonate, Chloride, Silica, Sulfate, Aluminum, Barium, Lithium, Iron, Manganese, and Strontium (Kresse and Hay, 2009). Through water-quality testing, water-temperature, isotopic, and radiochemical data, the recharge of the springs is believed to have both a primary hot water component, as well as a secondary cold water component. Widespread distribution of fractures enables mixing of the hot and cold water components of flow near the discharge area of the springs (Bell and Hays, 2007). Water quality shows notable differences in water chemistry during base flow and storm flow conditions. Providing further evidence of the mixing relatively close to the surface. The ridge and valley terrain that defines the topography of the area is part of the Zig Zag Mountains, extending a length of 22 miles in the Northeast and Southwest direction of the city. The hot springs of Hot Springs National Park are a result of an overturned anticline along the southern margin of the Ouachita anticlinorium, in the Zig
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