Essay on House of the Vettii

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House of the Vettii The House of the Vettii belonged to two freedmen, Aulus Vettius Conviva and Aulus Vettius Restitutus, who amassed a fortune through a flourishing business. The House of the Vettii is not unusually large for the time or social standing of its owners, but it is obvious that the Vettii were affluent Pompeian citizens and the house compares to the other large, lavish houses found in Pompeii. (Mau, 1899: 315) Excavated in the late 19th century, the house is most notable for its remarkably well-preserved frescoes, beautiful garden and large triclinium. The rooms included in the house and the decoration in the various rooms reflect trends in Roman domestic architecture and art in…show more content…
Another smaller atrium can be accessed through a doorway on the right of the primary atrium. This atrium contains the house's lararium, or a shrine to the family's Lares. This lararium depicts the Genius of the household making a sacrifice and surrounded by two Lares. Underneath is a large snake, a symbol of beneficence and prosperity. (Guzzo, 1998: 60) In all houses of a higher standing there was an altar dedicated to the Lares and each family was placed under the protection of its own Lares. Neighborhoods probably had Lares as well, which looked over all of the households. "There were also those which presided over the aggregate destiny, no longer of such and such a financier or merchant, but of Pompeii as a whole; their temple was therefore situated at the hub of the city's activity, the Forum, between the Macellum and the Temple of Vespasian," wrote Marcel Brion, explaining the rising significance of the cult. (Brion, 1960: 88) The lararium in the atrium of the House of the Vettii is a well-preserved example of the household shrines. The second atrium is also closely associated with the

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