Housing Accessibility And Quality Has Been A Chief Concern For The United States

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Housing accessibility and quality has been a chief concern for the U.S. government since the 19th century. During that early period, however, government’s role in housing for the disadvantaged was primarily a regulatory one, ensuring that new construction had bare minimum livability standards or requesting that landlords make accommodations for such in existing properties. Government’s role was on the fringes even through the period of tenement reform, which was largely supported philanthropically and still relied on the foundation of building codes. The National Housing Association was established in 1910 with the mission of improving housing conditions in both suburban and urban neighborhoods. Over the course of the 20th century, the…show more content…
Housing projects towards the latter half of the 20th century had developed an extremely negative reputation, both in reality and in media and government reports. Although previous policy may have functionally answered some of the basic problems of housing development needs, it was not comprehensive or an entirely effective response. The issues associated with the application of this act were quite apparent in the 1990s, setting the stage for analysis and reform. Congress established the National Commission on Severely Distressed Public Housing in 1989, and this became the first stage of the development of Housing Opportunities for People Everywhere, referred to in its current version as HOPE VI. The key stakeholders involved in the development of this policy were the many individuals living in public housing, state and local housing agencies, and the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Tasked with addressing a massive and nationwide problem, HOPE VI was designed to expand the government’s role in housing and community development. One of the most critical elements to be addressed was that of mobility. With plenty of data to back up the challenges faced by long-standing residents of extremely poor and very violent neighborhoods who could not move elsewhere due to lack of affordable housing, HOPE VI provided funds to give individuals in blighted areas more mobility. The primary areas of focus for HOPE VI were issues associated with management
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