How Asthma Fit Into The Healthy People 2020

1170 WordsNov 24, 20145 Pages
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airway that impacts a person’s and their family’s quality of life. In people with asthma, their airway becomes constricted with swelling and excessive mucous. This constriction or narrowing of the airway makes it difficult for the person with asthma to breath (Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 2009). If asthma is left uncontrolled, it leads to further wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, tiredness, and stress. (Massachusetts Department of Public Health, 2009). How does asthma fit into the Healthy People 2020? As it is stated in Health People 2020, the main goal is to, “Promote respiratory health through better prevention, detection, treatment, and education efforts.” Under this goal, Healthy People list several objectives such as, reducing asthma death, hospitalizations, emergency department (ED) visits, activity limitations, and miss school and work days; in addition, increasing education and prevention program (Healthy People 2020, 2014). Description of the Problem: Community Demographics Asthma is a serious problem nationwide. It is also a significant problem in the state of Massachusetts, especially in communities in Boston. However, according to Harvard School of Public Health and NIEHS Center for Environmental Health, Roxbury and North Dorchester are highly noticeable hotspots (Backus, Terrell, Wool, & Straubel, 2012, p. 23). For the purpose of this paper, the main focus will be on asthma cases in
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