How Can Aggression Be Minimised? Discuss with Reference to Three Theories of Aggression.

2099 WordsOct 9, 20129 Pages
Title Page Module Title and Code: AP 1149: Introduction to Development and Social Perspectives on Psychology. Assignment: How can aggression be minimised? Discuss with reference to three theories of aggression. How can aggression be minimised? Discuss with reference to three theories of aggression. Introduction This essay discusses how aggression can be minimised with reference to three theories of aggression. These theories are discussed in the main body of the essay with regard to the context of reducing aggression, followed by a discussion of findings and ideas for future research. The first theory is aggression as a biological phenomenon, the second theory is aggression as a response to frustration and the third is…show more content…
(Hagerty, Kawachi & others as cited in Myers, 2007, p. 351) Affluence is another possible source of frustration “In cultures where a television is a universal appliance this can turn absolute deprivation into relative deprivation”. (Myers, 2007, p. 351) Thus, lowering people’s expectations can minimise aggression. Bushman & his colleagues (as cited in Myers, 2007) conducted an experiment using distraction and found that distracted participants’ anger subsided but the others were still seething. If aggression is a result of frustration, interventions for the individual and the aggressor, like counselling are available. Another way of managing aggression as recommended by Braithwaite (2001) is anger management and assertiveness training. However, as discussed by Howells (as cited in Krahe, 2001, p. 217) Anger management methods can only be expected to work with individuals who are aware of the fact that their aggressive behaviour results from a failure to control their aggressive impulses and who are motivated to change their inadequate handling of these impulses. There is some evidence that catharsis can help release emotional aggression but there is mixed support for it as an effective aggression minimising technique. Catharsis “refers to the process of using our behaviour as an outlet for release for pent up emotion”. (Hogg & Vaghan, 2008, p. 457) Catharsis is usually credited to Aristotle, by acting out their emotions

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