How Clearcutting Severely Impacted The Biodiversity Of Acadian Forests
1501 Words7 Pages
Natural Resources Canada defines biodiversity as the “variety of life”, and expresses that endangered tree species are mainly threatened by forest clearance. In tandem with forest clearance, climate change also places stresses on endangered tree species, such as increased insect outbreaks and drought. Canadian forests compose 10% of the world’s total forests, and they consist of a wide range of plant and animal species, which places significance need for the impact of clearcutting in Acadian forests to be addressed. This paper will analyze how clearcutting severely impacts the biodiversity of Acadian forests through the review of several reports, articles, and studies, will include the past and present logging practices and finally…show more content… Acadian Biodiversity
The Acadian forest in Canada takes up 12.1 million hectares, and can be distinguished from other parts of Canadian forests by its location in the lowlands and deep valleys and by its mixed hardwood and softwood composition. The position of these trees in deep valleys isolates them from other forests, and limits their ability to further naturally spread their population geographically, and causes them to be more significantly impacted by disturbances. The Acadian forest region covers the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick, with a rich diversity of plant and animal species consisting of many shade-tolerant trees and lichens. Yet these shade-tolerant trees are slowly transitioning into small seedlings as logging practices abolish old trees. The old-growth hardwood population in specific provides critical habitats for animal species though these trees are declining in numbers due to extensive logging. With the declining old-growth trees, the number of critical habitats will also decline and animal species will most likely die out. These regions are affected by climate change at the same time, which increases the vulnerability of Acadian biodiversity.
Increasingly more species are becoming at risk of extinction in Canada, and the natural landscapes are consistently being altered by industrial,