How Design Can Fall Into Two Categories : Affirmative And Critical Design

1925 Words8 Pages
This “thing” ties in with a second theoretical concept I have come in contact with in my courses and research. The concept, developed by Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby is the idea of empowering individuals through the use of critical design. They stress the importance of making individuals think by asking them carefully crafted questions which pushes the cultural and aesthetic potential of works. The author’s research explain how design can fall into two categories: affirmative and critical design. Affirmative design reinforces how things are now and how it conforms to cultural, technical, economical and social expectation. Critical design rejects how things are now and the idea of there being one possibility. It provides a critique of the existing situation through designs that embody social, cultural, economic and technical values. Dunno and Raby state that “more could be learnt from fine art where there is a history of critical strategies for asking questions through objects and stimulated debate in engaging ways” (59). I think that it is relevant because the Heildberg project is a perfect example of fine art proposing questions through art as well as motives debates in a fascinating way. My photography of Record Time illustrates critical design as it rejects how things currently are, as in the lack of effort to revitalize the city of Detroit. It provides a critique of Detroit’s existing situation through the Heildberg project which represents the values of culture, social
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