How Diabetes Affects The Body

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The Purpose and Benefit of this booklet The purpose of this booklet is to help educate patients to well understand how Diabetes affects the body, continuous care treatment, managing health concerns such as right diet, weight control and exercise, and Do’s and don’ts for Foot Care preventions for foot infection. Getting Started Types 1 diabetes is a chronic illness and usually diagnosed in children and young adults and was previously known as a juvenile diabetes. In type 1 diabetes when the cells in the pancreas that makes the insulin get destroyed, the body is unable to make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is responsible for regulating how the body converts sugar (glucose) into energy. Patients with type 1 diabetes need to take daily…show more content…
Rapid-acting insulin are associated with less hypoglycemia than regular insulin. Short-acting insulin is less commonly used than the rapid-acting insulin in patients with type 1 DM. They are used when a slightly slower onset of action or a greater duration of action is desired. Intermediate-acting insulin has a relatively slow onset of action and a relatively long duration of action. They are usually combined with faster-acting insulin to maximize the benefits of a single injection. Long-acting insulin has a very long duration of action and, when combined with faster-acting insulin, provides better glucose control for some patients. In patients with type 1 DM, they must be used in conjunction with rapid-acting or short-acting insulin given before meals. Premixed insulin contains a fixed ratio of rapid-acting insulin with longer-acting insulin, which can restrict their use. Premixed insulin is usually not recommended in type 1 DM patients, because of their need for frequent adjustments of pre-meal insulin dose. Recommended Lifestyle Changes Good nutrition and regular exercise can help prevent or manage medical complications of diabetes (such as heart disease and stroke), and help patients live longer and healthier lives. Diet Diabetic patients should follow-up to their professional dietitian to plan an individualized diet within the general guidelines that
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