How Did Egyptian Architecture Evolve Over Time?

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Egypt’s pyramids are seen as monumental structures that inspire us as humans. These magnificent tombs of the kings have survived the ravages of time and still stand tall today, the sheer scale, accuracy and strength of these structures leave many modern day architects and historians in awe. There was an immense amount of effort and resources invested into tomb building as the Egyptians believed that the soul could not live on in the afterlife if the deceased’s body was not preserved and freed from the corruption on Earth. This also arises the question of how the Egyptians managed to achieve their success. How did Egyptian architecture evolve over time? Before 3000 BCE, members of ancient Egypt’s aristocracy were buried in mounds of sand known as mastabas. The very first method of this were pits in the sand where the deceased was placed along with personal items. Due to the sand the body was preserved but not as well as mummification. The primitive form of the pyramid were mastabas. Mastabas were meant to give protection from tomb robbers and wild animals. Mastabas are bench like, rectangular structures with sloping sides and a flat roof. They were meant to represent the mass of the Earth, mastaba means “bench” in the Arabic language. Mastabas were only meant for aristocrats and members and family of the monarchy. The first construction sites of these buildings were on the west side of the Nile River, in a place called Saqqara. They were built there because that was a
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