Galileo has been credited with the confirmation of the phases of Venus, the discovery of the four largest satellites of Jupiter, and the observation and analysis of sunspots. He also worked in mathematics and with technology, helping to improve the military compass. Galileo was a renaissance man.
Galileo Galilei, best known for his advances in astronomy (specifically, his improvements of the telescope), has also invented and improved many other commonly known items, such as the pendulum clock and the thermometer. In 1593, Galileo created a thermometer that relied on the
Identification and Significance Constantinople great Christian city that had been seized and controlled by the Muslim Ottoman sultan Mehmed II in 1453. This event marked the final end of the Roman/Byzantine Empire and the ascendency of the Ottoman Empire. The byzantine was a stronghold for Christianity and had ruled
All the fame that The Little Balance brought him, in 1609 Galileo published The Operations of the Geometrical and Military Compass. Shortly after his second book was published Galileo constructed a hydrostatic balance for measuring small objects. These developments brought him additional income and more recognition. Galileo never believed in the law of Aristotle, he worked countless years on his own theories. Finally in 1609 Galileo refined his theories on motion and falling objects, and developed the universal law of acceleration. Which from all the trials that he had to do proved that his law applied to all the objects in the universe. Galileo began speaking up about Copernican theory, which stated that all the planes including earth revolve around the sun not all the way around as Aristotle has hypothesizes over 2,000 years ago. Going against the law of Aristotle not only upset many people but it also went against the order set by the Catholic
Scientifically, Galileo will be remembered for invention of the telescope, which allowed astronomers, sailors and other view the heavens and seas, which fed their own theories. He used his own invention to discover the four moons of Jupiter, the mountains and craters of the moon, and sunspots. His work on falling objects led to gravitational studies and mathematical theorems which are on a basic level, physics. Experimentation was used as a means to prove the laws of science along with the mathematical theories. Math, according to Galileo, was the only infallible form of logic. If a mathematical law could be formed from an event, then it was a logical, rational event. His breaking from the Catholic Church, voicing his findings and staying with his convictions broke the traditional way of thinking that the Church was the end all and be all of all things. In the end, he was proven right for most of his beliefs and vindicated for his suppression.
In “Towards a New Heaven: Revolution in Astronomy,” some of the greatest achievements of the Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeenth century were dominated by medicine, mechanics, and astronomers. Nicolaus Copernicus, Johannes Kepler, Galileo Galilei, and Isaac Newton were some of the brilliant individuals that magnified the revolutionary astronomy.
Around the same time as Kepler, Galileo was making his own observations. Galileo was first to have the use of a telescope to observe celestial bodies, which helped him greatly in making new discoveries. He was able to not only study the motion of other planets, but was able to observe the satellites orbiting those planets. Galileo also discovered an enormous amount of stars by observing the Milky Way giving way to theorizing that there is more to our universe then what was previously thought. Galileo later found himself in trouble with the Catholic Church for publicly announcing his findings, which went against the Church’s held beliefs of the Earth’s place in our universe. Sadly, Galileo had to essentially denounce his findings and was forced to keep his discoveries private for the rest of his days.
Galileo’s Books Galileo published a number of books throughout his career, including: The Operations of the Geometrical and Military Compass (1604), which revealed Galileo’s skills with experiments and practical technological applications.
Galileo’s work affected the development of science in his creative thinking. As stated in my first site “Galileo's contribution to our understanding of the universe was significant not only in his discoveries, but in the methods he developed and the use of mathematics to prove them.” Adding on to this quote Galileo used his knowledge of mathematics and incorporate it into his scientific work. Using mathematics in science was a major advancement to technology of the modern day.
Galileo Galilei is known as the first real experimental scientist. Galileo was intent on disproving Aristotle's Theory of Motion, which states that heavier objects fall at a faster rate than lighter ones. To disprove Aristotle’s theory, Galileo conducted multiple experiments. He dropped objects from specific heights, rolled balls down inclined slopes, and determined the objects position after time intervals. He found that all objects dropped at the same rate and he called this the Law of Freefall. He published his findings in his book De Motu (The Galileo
Galileo (Scientist) Galileo was the pioneer of the experimental scientific method and the first to use a telescope, with which he made important astronomical discoveries. Galileo learned about the invention of the telescope in Holland, and proposed an improvement of the model, with which he made a series of discoveries such as the moons of the planet Jupiter and the phases of Venus, similar to those observed on the
Galileo Galilei was probably one of the best astronomers in the history of astronomy. He was born on February 15,1564. He lived his life in Pisa,Italy and later unfortunately died on January 8,1642 in Arcetri, Province of Florence,Italy. His nationality is of course Italian. Galileo studied medicine at the University of Pisa, but he later became a mathematics professor. He taught at the University of Padua for 18 years. Like many scientists at that time, Galileo was very curious about the stars.
Gabriel Glasser Professor Damnjanovic December 3, 2012 The Unveiling of the Heavens In summer of 1609, Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) pointed his revolutionary astronomical telescope to the heavens under the starry Venetian sky; his greatly important observations unveiled the mysteries of universe and would end up changing the course of scientific thought forever. Galileo lived in an age where there was much status quo, when scientists and philosophers would accept scientific and religious doctrine that had stood for hundreds, if not thousands, of years instead of challenging the accepted knowledge in favor of intellectual progress. Galileo’s scientific methods lead to significant discoveries explaining key scientific laws, such as the
In July of 1609, Galileo developed his own telescope and with it, he made several astronomical discoveries. For example, Galileo discovered that the surface of the moon is rough and uneven as opposed to smooth as people had thought. Galileo also discovered with his telescope that many more stars exist than are visible to the naked eye. According to author E.B., “Galileo also found sunspots upon the surface of our star and discovered the phases of Venus, which confirmed that the planet circles the sun inside Earth’s own orbit” (45).
Though he was developing and testing his theories, Galileo was not exposed to mathematics but was intrigued in the subject after attending a geometry lecture. He then began to study mathematics and natural philosophy instead of medicine since right before he earned his degree, the university cut him off due to unpaid funds. Returning to Florence, he lectured at the Florentine academy, where he studied and applied his new interests, and in 1586 he published an essay describing his invention of the hydrostatic balance, when fluid is at rest, which made his name known throughout Italy. With his other interest of philosophy, Galileo studied fine arts and received an instructer position in the Accademia delle Arti del Disegno in Florence in 1588 where he met Cigoli, a painter, who applied Galileo’s astronomical observations in his painting. This led Galileo to expand his mentality to be more aesthetic.