This discovery shows how the sun the is in the middle of the solar system, and every other planet is orbiting it. Also, sense the earth’s movement is sort of rapid it makes the other planets and stars look like they’re moving, but they’re really not. Some examples of what his discovery is shown in Nicolaus Copernicus heliocentric solar system. Also, it is shown in the books that Nicolaus Copernicus made which are named,”Commentariolus” and “De revolutionibus orbium coelestium.” It is shown in these examples how Nicolaus Copernicus made all these wonderful
Identification and Significance Constantinople great Christian city that had been seized and controlled by the Muslim Ottoman sultan Mehmed II in 1453. This event marked the final end of the Roman/Byzantine Empire and the ascendency of the Ottoman Empire. The byzantine was a stronghold for Christianity and had ruled
the heliocentric solar system. Johannes Kepler further modified the heliocentric system, by mathematically showing that the planets’ orbits are elliptical. With his invention of the telescope, Galileo made new observations about the solar system and found mathematical laws that described the movement of the planets. Later, Isaac Newton established a universal law of gravity. With the new scientific discoveries, the gap between religion and science increased. Science revolutionized the human though and its understanding of the universe.
Among these people were Copernicus who believed the sun was at the center of the world and the earth, stars and planets revolved around it. Danish astronomer Brahe helped contribute to this idea by contributing a large mass of data about the universe that he was able to discover. His student Kepler kept his ideas going, as he formulated many laws of planetary motion. He said the orbits around the sun were elliptical, planets don’t move in a uniform speed and the time a planet completes its orbit is related to its distance from the sun. Meanwhile, Florentine Galileo decided to use experiments to find out what happened and not what should happen, and discovered that a uniform force makes a uniform acceleration as well as inertia laws, that an object will be in motion forever unless stopped by another force.
12. Galileo(1564-1642) Made the telescope better and he used the telescope to observe planets, and he proves kepler’s theory, saw the imperfection of planets, and saw a storm on a planet also saw craters.
Scientifically, Galileo will be remembered for invention of the telescope, which allowed astronomers, sailors and other view the heavens and seas, which fed their own theories. He used his own invention to discover the four moons of Jupiter, the mountains and craters of the moon, and sunspots. His work on falling objects led to gravitational studies and mathematical theorems which are on a basic level, physics. Experimentation was used as a means to prove the laws of science along with the mathematical theories. Math, according to Galileo, was the only infallible form of logic. If a mathematical law could be formed from an event, then it was a logical, rational event. His breaking from the Catholic Church, voicing his findings and staying with his convictions broke the traditional way of thinking that the Church was the end all and be all of all things. In the end, he was proven right for most of his beliefs and vindicated for his suppression.
Ideas in science, especially astronomy and human anatomy, changed how many viewed man and led to a path of enlightenment. One example of the variation in science was the shift from a geocentric to a heliocentric universe. Pre-renaissance the Catholic Church conveyed that the center of the universe was earth. At the time, arguing with the church was considered a sin, so rarely did anyone try to contradict this idea. The geocentric viewpoint had been long affirmed until Nicolaus Copernicus, a Polish astronomer, reversed this idea, solely based off of mathematics and observations. Promptly after during the Renaissance, scholars studied Ptolemy and realized the idea that the center of the universe was actually the sun, not the earth. The heliocentric doctrine that Copernicus came up with was first denied because the Catholic church had claimed the earth, and humans, were at the center of everything, and the universe revolves around man. This was a real epiphany to people at the time because it made them rethink that perhaps without them being the center of the universe they aren't the most important things. This helped to expand means, though out of just religion and themselves. These ideas changed how many viewed man because it was proven that humans were not the center of the
Kepler's discoveries had multiple impacts on science, one of these impacts being that his discoveries turned Copernicus' Sun-centered system into a dynamic universe in which the Sun actively pushed the planets around in noncircular orbits(German astronomer). His discoveries on vision allowed him to formulate eyeglasses to help with nearsightedness(TheScienceClassroom Johannes Kepler). Kepler wrote many text books, such as; Astromia par Optica, Dioptrice, Stereometrica Doliorum(Kepler: Johannes Kepler). The most important thing that Kepler left with us today are the laws of planetary motion(TheScienceClassroom Johannes
Kepler, Newton, and Galileo proved scientific theories that helped shape the heliocentric model. Kepler's laws defined the motion of the planets. Galileo pointed the telescope towards the stars and explained parts of the universe. Newton's three laws characterized
Galileo made many different discovers. They were the telescope, saturn's rings and that the moon has craters. There are many more. He made the telescope with two lenses almost like glasses. He used this to make most of his discovered. Another discovery he made was that the moon has craters. He used a telescope to find this out, but everyone thought he was crazy since the church says that god made everything perfect.
Galileo made telescoped but wanted more. He would soon make a decision of making a telescope the view the universe. Later on he would discover certain things, such as the Moon and Venus. Galileo would notice, that Venus had certain stages similar to the moon. This was evidence to provide the statement of Venus revolving around the sun.
During the 16th-18th centuries many historical events happened, in the 16th century Nicolaus Copernicus wrote a book called On The Revolutions Of The Heavenly Bodies. During the writing of the book, Nicolaus Copernicus was trying to prove that the Geocentric Theory was wrong. The book talks about how the planetary movements work and it also has many mathematical equations he used to solve the Heliocentric Theory, which would help other scientists continue his studies. A few years later, in the 17th century another scientist named Galileo wrote another book called Starry Messenger. Galileo wrote a book because he had a telescope and was making observations. Galileo wrote the book about all the observations that he had made. The books of these scientists showed the world the the Scientific Revolution was going to make a big impact on the world.Which is why the Scientific Revolution gave a big impact to the world because without the scientist the world would not have many of the inventions the scientists made. The Heliocentric Solar System would not have been discovered to help us understand the outer system. We would also not have medicine to help cure diseases and they would have not made advanced technology.
The beauty of nature and the secret that it hold that can advance the human mind; think of the outcomes Galileo started by published “The Operations of the Geometrical and Military Compass,” revealing his skills with experiments and practical technological applications. He also constructed a hydrostatic balance for measuring small objects (Biography.com). He had increase his
Galileo’s observational discoveries in astronomy allowed for the basis to begin discrediting the old ideas in favor of a new understanding of the universe. The longstanding way of thought in astronomy favored a spherically rotating universe around the Earth with unchanging and perfectly symmetrical constellations and planets. The contemporaries of Galileo believed, for example, that the moon had the face of a shiny, polished sphere, whereas Galileo showed that the surface of the moon to be imperfect with rough mountainous areas along with deep valleys (or “seas” as he called them) marked with dark sports (Frova 162). This surface very much paralleled the rough surface of the Earth (meaning that Earth’s surface was not unique). Also with his improved telescope, Galileo was capable of viewing the stars with much more clarity. Galileo discovered newly formed stars and star clusters, which challenged the Aristotelian philosophy of an ageless universe. Additionally, Galileo observed four of Jupiter’s largest moons orbiting around the planet (Frova 179). His observations of Jupiter’s satellites did not agree with the idea that all heavenly bodies must rotate around a central Earth. Finally, and arguably most important, Galileo showed Venus’s phases and
In 1609, Galileo Galilei, using “spyglass” which allowed one to see things closer than they appeared, made an early version of the telescope. With it, he observed the skies in a way no one had before. He discovered the moon isn’t perfectly globular, it has craters, the Sun has sunspots, Venus orbits the Sun (contrary to widespread belief in his time), and then he observed four “stars” around Jupiter (“Our Solar System”). Within