According to Fredrich’s “six point syndrome”, a totalitarian state must consist of an official ideology, a single mass party, terroristic police control, monopoly control of the media and arms and central control of the economy. During the Nazi Reich between 1933-1939, under Hitler as Fuhrer (supreme leader), the Nazi regime was able to successfully achieve aspects of totalitarianism by exerting tight control of the media and police; leading to control of certain aspects of German social, political, legal, economical and cultural life. However, there are significant features of the Nazi regime that simply fail to fit Friedrich's six, all encompassing concepts of totalitarianism.
This quote shows how the importance of dictatorial power in a “savage” society. Power is the most important thing when there are no boundaries to society.
Hitler could not have come into power if the German economy had been healthy and strong. There are many reasons that attributed to his rise in the ranks. Strong vocal support, becoming chancellor, touching into the hate buried deep inside the hearts of impoverished Germans everywhere. I think inflation and going out of your comfort zone is what influenced previously wealthy Germans to make Adolf their leader. They wanted luxury, and they wanted revenge.
When Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, he immediately began enforcing an authoritative state. An authoritative state is a state favoring or enforcing strict obedience to authority, especially that of the government, at the expense of personal freedom. Hitler started a world war to achieve his dream of world domination. The war left behind an estimated 72 million dead, among them 47 million civilians, of whom some six million were Jewish. Jews were the targets of the Holocaust because Hitler hated Jews and blamed them for all of the problems in the world. Throughout the years of the Holocaust, this is seen in many ways, starting from the Nazis having book burnings to get rid of un-German writings proclaiming the death of Jewish intellectualism all the way to the extremity of the mass murder of Jews. This process progressed rapidly, and it had lasting effects for the entire world.
For Hitler, the communication gap and differences within the government deterred his followers from creating a solid opposition to his power. Mommsen stated, “The movement’s energies had to become totally absorbed in internal ‘disputes over areas of competency…’” (171). Another advantage Hitler had when dealing with people was his charisma. He was “uniquely talented in being able to change the minds” of officials who started to doubt the Hitler’s wisdom. Hitler had a habit of tirelessly trying to convince nonbelievers by persuasion. His behavior had people feeling that he was determined and had a sense of purpose. Along with Goebbels as Propaganda Minister, Hitler had the “fate of the nation” in him and Germany had never seen a leader like him (165). Hitler had “come to symbolize the unity and substance of the nation” (167). When complaints arose about the party and the Nazi regime, Hitler was exempt from them and citizens thought that if he only knew what was happening, then he would change it.
Throughout the years 1933-1939, the Nazis consolidated and strengthened their power over the German people in a number of ways. The debate as to whether they depended on their broad popularity or on terror has been argued by historians ever since. The view given by Gellately in Source 4 strongly agrees with that in the question, whereas Evans, in Source 5 combines the terror and popularity aspects of the regime and says that the German people perceived terror as being popular. Johnson presents the view that the selective nature of Nazi terror created a sense of security for German citizens who should have nothing to worry about. However, on any level it
Back in Nazi Germany, during the years 1934-1945, the Führer and Nazis controlled the German population to his will through various methods and means. This e6ssay will discuss and examine how significant oppression was in comparison to other methods of control such as propaganda, indoctrination in youth and the use of political laws. For us to fully comprehend how significant was oppression in the Nazi Germany, we must understand what oppression is.
Jack has many parallels with the well-known fascist leader, Adolf Hitler. Both of these leaders used violence, intimidation, and fear to keep their command over everyone. They dehumanized people that displayed any weaknesses, they came into power in similar ways, and lastly, they had a devoted group who did all the dirty work for them. These men were blinded by the passion of being dominant over others, and it had cost many innocent people their lives.
The first thing to understand in the psychoanalysis of Nazis is the history and their beliefs through Fascism. Fascism is an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization which was started by Benito Mussolini that was then later adopted by Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party, who created Nazism as the ideology and practice of the Nazis, especially the policy of racist nationalism, national expansion, and state control of the economy as his own national socialism or as Wilhelm Reich called it in his book The Mass Psychology of Fascism, “Führer ideology” (28). Some ideas that helped with the Nazi ideology were attempting to put the
The dualism of Nazi Germany makes it difficult to ascertain the level of Nazification present at the state-level prior to 1935. John Herz writes that the ‘underlying purposes and tendency of the originators and leaders of the Nazi regime was to create a completely party-dominated and party-permeated state and society’. However, Herz goes on to argue that this desire to completely restructure government institutions and personnel was soon recognised as being detrimental to the plan to rapidly gear Germany for war. Therefore, the Nazi leadership chose ‘to use, modify, and adapt existing institutions to its specific purposes and policies, while profiting from their efficiency and technical skill.’ This was especially true for the upper civil service, the highly experienced ministerial bureaucracy, whose members the Nazi Party could mostly not replace without damaging the effectiveness of German administration. As a result, a ‘dualism’ between the German state and the Nazi Party was perpetuated in which many state institutions continued to function largely un-Nazified—especially in the years prior to 1935.
The Nazi Party’s strength in three main areas allowed it to precipitate the failure of democracy in Germany. Ideologically, structurally and politically the Nazi party was superior to the Weimar Democracy especially in the period 1928-1934. Ideologically, historian Hans Mommson claims the Nazi Party was a “catch all party” in that the party’s nationalistic, socialist and racist policies
To begin, Adolf Hitler played a key role in World War II because his anger stemmed from his early life. First, Hitler was born on April 20, 1889, in Branunau Austria (Roberts 8). Hitler was 1 of six other children his mother and father had, but only he and his sister Paula Hitler were the only ones to survive to adulthood (Roberts 6). Second, Hitler was a very intelligent student, but once he changed schools he became very lazy. Hitler loved art and history classes in school, but during other classes he was not interested so he sketched drawings and
National Socialism, most commonly known as Nazism, is a violent, racist right wing ideology. However, National Socialism is vehemently anti-socialist; they proscribed socialism, and executed socialists and communists. Furthermore, Nazis detained left wing politicians and supporters in concentration camps before they started imprisoning Jews.
Hitler was the ruler of Germany during World War II, and he ruled over his people in fear. Jack is commonly described to being similar if not exactly like Hitler. Golding leaves many examples in the novel to show how Jack and Hitler are alike. Both of them promised their “citizens” a better life, they both promise their country “meat” (Golding 140), and they both lead as a dictator, taking their power with force and leading as the only chief of the state. Jack is described in the book as “a terror” (Golding 189) and Hitler has been
Hitler played a central role in decision making of policy that interested him, he ordered the passing of the ‘Nuremberg Laws’ in 1935 and approved anti Semitic action from 1933. Hitler was also involved in foreign policy from the invasion of the Rhineland in 1936 to operation Barbarossa. During peaceful crucial decisions were also made by Hitler. The decision to destroy the leadership of the SA and the second revolting by instigation the Night of the Long Knives; in June 1934 was Hitlers. He took designs to introduce conscription in 1935 to invade the Rhineland and Austria which were all critically important events in the development of the nazi regime, and there timing was directed by Hitler. Hitlers authority was unchallenged, the lack for formal mechanising through which that authority was excessed by the Fuhrer has caused issues with historians trying to explain how the nazi state operated, Hitler rarely read important document before making a decision and disliked signing official papers, his officials and sought a verbal agreement of Hitler or even a nod of a head would suffice to sign a document. The suggests he was almighty as a nod of a head would allow a decision to be made and all this suggests that his subordinates were as they were working towards the fuhrer.