Ho Chi Minh Ho Chi Minh was a Communist, who had announced Vietnam independent. He was a Marxist and believed in “national Communism ". Throughout the war with the French, Ho Chi Minh took refuge in northern Vietnam and settled there with his followers. He founded the Indochina Communist Party and the Viet Minh. North Vietnam was a deprived area and was cut off from the agricultural profit of South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was forced to ask assistance from main Communist allies, the Soviet Union and China. Both aided North Vietnam before and during the war. (Dong Si Nguyen, Duong xuyen Truong son: hoi uc. Hanoi: Nha Xuat Ban Quan Doi Nhan Dan, 1999). Ho Chi Minh declared the independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. This had been a tremendously significant event in world history perhaps the most important event since the 1917 October Revolution in Russia. It marked the first occasion in human history in which a radical national movement under Communist leadership had succeeded in overthrowing the influence of a colonial state and establishing and maintaining its own new, independent form of social and political system. However, Ho’s type of communism was markedly different than that of Marxist ideology that had been the metaphorical icon of the October Revolution. alike to Jose Antonio’s fascist movement, the hierarchical communist party (later renamed the Vietminh) conformed intimately to the ideas of the person at its head, but unlike Antonio’s movement, did not
Communism as a political philosophy has had both its critics and nationalist proponents throughout recent history. As a tool for nationalistic movements in recent, one of the most compelling examples is how communism was introduced and used by Ho Chi Minh to help Vietnam become a unified and independent nation in the 1970s. Ho Chi Minh, a Marxist Leninist, charismatic and populist leader, adopted communism through his experiences, struggles, and challenges. Communism came to play an important role in bringing Vietnam independence and freedom from the French and subsequent colonialist rulers. Ho Chi Minh used communist to help the Vietnamese develop feelings of patriotism and nationalism toward the country. Ho Chi Minh created several
Vietnam is a southeastern Asian country that has been occupied by the French since the early 19th Century. During War War II Japanese forces invaded Vietnam. In order for the native Vietnamese to fight off both the French Colonial Administration and the invading Japanese, political leader Ho Chi Minh inspired by Soviet Communism, established the League of Independence of Vietnam. After Japan’s defeat in World War II in 1945, the Japanese withdrew their forces from Vietnam. The French educated Emperor Bao Dai was now back in control of Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh saw this as an opportunity to finally gain control and almost immediately took control of the northern city of Hanoi. Ho Chin Minh declared himself as president. In hopes to regain control of Hanoi, France backed Emperor Bao and created the state of Vietnam in 1949. Although both sides wanted the same goal of uniting Vietnam, their government views were drastically different. Ho and his followers wanted the nation to be modeled after other communist countries. While Bao and his followers wanted their country to be in close ties with democratic countries in the west. These causes led to a civil war for the sole control of Vietnam.
In an effort to answer the first question asked was Ho Chi Minh a communist I would have to say no. However there is a caveat and that is he was pushed into becoming a communist, because in his and his countrymen’s opinion they were disrespected by the West after WWII. They supported the allies, they even had a sector to monitor and maintain in Germany during WWII, but when asked to be treated equally, by the West they were cast a side by the Western leaders.
The Indochina Empire for centuries has belong to the French Empire, the French fought painful battles to take control over the region since the late 17th century. The Indochina Empire includes was is known today a North and South Vietnam, the region provided the French Empire rice, and rubber plantations. Just after World War 1, the French discover rich deposit of coal and extended its rubber plantation to Cambodia. Having a firm grip over the French Indochina region gave France world superiority over the rest of the world.
In WWII, Japan took over vietnam. The French also wanted to take over. Not long after that, Ho Chi Minh created the Viet Minh to fight against them. They fought until 1954 at Dien Bien Phu, the battle that defeated the French. After that, the Japanese removed their troops leaving Bao Dai in charge, the Viet Minh seized Hanoi and declared the Democratic Republic of Vietnam with Ho Chi Minh as the president.
Before the 1900th century, various countries such as China and France dominated the country currently known today as Vietnam. Throughout the countries history the Vietnamese people were often times mistreated. The Vietnamese people had a strong craving for independence. In the early 20th century one man united the liberation cause; that man was named Ho Chi Minh.
North Vietnam had its southern allies known as the Viet Cong: a network of communist agents and subversives supplied and controlled by North Vietnam that began with the Geneva Accords of 1954. After the Viet Minh party rose to power in North Vietnam with leader Ho Chi Minh, who formed the Viet Minh party to fight Japan after they invaded and occupied Vietnam during World War II and to fight the French colonial administration since they had been controlling Vietnam since the late 19th century. The Viet Minh forces quickly seized control of the northern city of Hanoi and declared Ho Chi Minh president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. France, in attempt to
The Vietnam War was first derived from the gradual oppression of the communist party of the north over the region of South Vietnam. The North Communist party was supported mainly by China and the Soviet Union whiles the Anti-Communist party of South Vietnam was supported by United States and France. The communist party group, as known as the Viet Cong, was recognized for their guerilla war strategies within the region of South Vietnam, intended to fully expand and unify Vietnam under Communist rule. U.S. involvement with the Vietnam War starting in November 1, 1955, develops from the theory of the domino effect, stating that if one country falls into communism, a threat that can develop into the encouragement and spread of communism throughout the world in the future. It is basically viewed as a potential harm to the welfare of the United Sates. Therefore, due to the conflicting forces of the historical, political, economic and cultural nature of the war itself, it is known to be the longest enduring war in United States history that altered many lives of the Vietnamese and American community, leading to suffrage and acts of courage.
This investigation will answer the question, “How significant was Ho Chi Minh’s role in the Vietnam War?” This investigation is important because it describes how a leader can affect the outcome of a war. This investigation will focus on the years 1955 to 1975 and analyze Ho Chi Minh’s leadership of the Viet Minh independence movement and role as an inspirational symbol to the Vietnamese people.
Fighting in Vietnam started well before the actual “Vietnam War”. The Vietnamese people had been under French rule for several decades until Japan invaded in 1940. In 1941, when Ho Chi Minh came back from his travels there were two foreign powers occupying the Vietnam territory, the French and Japanese. Ho Chi Minh established the Viet Minh in hopes to rid Vietnam of these two powers. On September 2, 1945 the Viet Minh established the Democratic Republic of China after getting support in northern Vietnam. This action spawned the French to fight back to keep control of their colony. Ho Chi Minh wanted support from the United States against the French; he went as far as to supply the United States with information about the Japanese during WWII. The United States kept with their Cold War foreign policy of containment as to prevent the spread of Communism, fearing the “Domino Theory” that said “if one country in Asia fell to Communism then surrounding countries would soon fall”.
The Vietnam War was an antagonism war that took place in Laos, Vietnam and Cambodia for around 20 years – 1954 to 1975. It was a hostile struggle that not only lasted many years, but also an expensive one. The Vietnam War had radical outcomes for the U.S and the various countries who took part in it. The war was between South Vietnam backed by the United States of America and many other countries that opposed communism ideologies, and North Vietnam backed by China, The Soviet Union and supporters of communism. The reason for the start of the Vietnam War rotates around the notion at that time held by America that communism was extending to all parts of south East Asia. The US government considered American participation in the war as a strategy to preclude a communist seize of South Vietnam. This was a component of a broader restraint strategy, with the declared aim of blocking diffusion of communism and a way to repress nationalist self-determination (Eldridge, 2012, p.18-20).
Compared to Vietnam, America had very different ambitions and motives within the war. The U.S. was part of a large goal, known as “containment”, which was essentially stopping the spread of Communism. America believed that Communism Now in order for America to fulfill their goal of having an anti-communist society, they needed a powerful and determined leader who would vouch for them and support their belief of abolishing communism. Which is why in October 1955, Ngo Dinh Diem defeated the former emperor of Vietnam, Bao Dai, and appointed himself president of South Vietnam ("Ngo Dinh Diem."). Ngo Dinh Diem was originally a Vietnamese political leader who was born into one of the noble families of Vietnam. Diem was well known by the Vietnamese
The Vietnam War was a contention amongst North and South Vietnam, however it had worldwide repercussions. The North was driven by a Communist and patriot administration that had battled against the Japanese in World War II and against French frontier run in the late 1940s. In 1954, it won control of North Vietnam when the French consented to a segment in the Geneva Accords. The South was driven by a non-Communist administration; after 1956, it was going by Ngo Dinh Diem. A Catholic, Diem was not able solidify his administer with a transcendently Buddhist populace. He administered with the support of a military provided and prepared by the United States and with generous U.S. monetary help. By the late 1950s, a Communist guerrilla constrain
405,399 Americans died in the Second World War against the powers of the Axis in both Europe and in Asia. These men gave their lives to protect America from the fascist and militarist governments of the Third Reich and the Japanese Empire. This war would shape America forever, setting into motion future events. The Second World War brought about the end of colonialism around the world, bringing new countries into fruition.Countries like Israel and India had been born as a result of this end to Colonialism. In this pantheon of newly independent states were the countries of the French colony of Indochina, where inside the dense jungle lies the country of Vietnam. This area had been conflict since the last Swastika still hung over the Reichstag.