How Did Industrialization Affect The Industrial Revolution

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The turn of the 19th century delivered a considerable amount of change as a result of the Industrial Revolution. While the majority of modifications began in England their effects could be felt throughout Europe. The development of more efficient and mechanized tools to further industry, specifically the textile industry, became common place in England during the later part of the 18th century and the early part of the 19th. As society moved from an agriculturally based economy to an industrial based economy social transformation also resulted throughout England and eventually the continent. This shift created larger cities and moved the populace from rural farms to larger urbanized areas. The Industrial Revolution generated many…show more content…
The mechanization of industries prompted a growth in factories and cities and the beginning of social change throughout England and then Europe.
The Industrial Revolution inspired an emergence of social classes, more specifically a middle class. The class system became much more stratified than before industrialization. A large middle class evolved which included bankers, business owners, doctors, merchants, and lawyers. There was a huge gap between the wealthy and the working class. The largest and most unfortunate potion of society was the working class. The lower working class moved in droves from the countryside and engorged the populations of the cities. They came in search of employment in the large number of factories emerging around urbanized areas. Unfortunately, the jobs they found spawned a lifetime of hardship and misery. Power over machines translated into power over the people that ran the machines, and employers used this power over their employees to make their lives even more difficult than they already were. Women and children filled in the ranks of factory laborers. Statistics showed that “about one-quarter were adult men, over half women and girls and the balance, boys below the age of eighteen” (Hobsbawm 50). Men, women, and children worked long hours, for little
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