The Roman Empire led to its fall. Since the area was so huge, barbarian tribes started to invade the borders and slowly the Roman Empire fell.
Rome is known for its’ empire (The Roman Empire). Rome started out small and ended up becoming this huge and undefeatable force of nature. Rome received their success by either attacking other nearby towns/neighbors or granting them treaties or citizenships. E. Badien, the author who created an article called, The Organization Of Italy, explains how Rome organized Italy, and got their neighboring cities and nations to join them and turn ancient Italy into a leading state of power. In Badien’s observations, he finds that granting citizenship and the Latin’s helped Rome to become powerful and assisting Italy to be more structured.
As they continued to expand over hundreds of years their government grew. The Romans army was a great army that was mostly made up of citizen-soldiers they posted these soldiers all around there empire to protect and maintain their state. Over the 500 years that Rome was a republic this type of government helped them maintain their state and allow the citizens, except women to have a voice in who was going to rule their land. The Plebeians the lower class of Rome and which made up most of Rome had little influence on the Senate's decisions. But they had Tribunes to speak for them and could block or veto the Senate's decisions. During these five hundred years Rome had a system like no other of roads that provided efficient means for the overland movement of armies, officials and civilians, and the trade goods. These roads provided a direct route for many goods, and it was a big reason why the Romans empire would succeed for over 500
Greece, Rome, and the Renaissance had a large influence on the American colonies in literature, art, and law because majority of the population brought over the ideas from the Old World to the New World looking for religious and social freedom.
The Romans were a extraordinary power during 509 BC–27 BC. Their government, fighting styles, and armies were exceptional for the time, and even now. Because of all the initiative the Romans took, they were able to reign for a long and prosperous time. Even after their demise, people still follow and respect what they were able to accomplish.
After the Punic Wars, Rome controlled all of Italy, Sicily, much of Spain and part of Africa, as well as Greece and the eastern Mediterranean world. As you can see, at that time Rome and Carthage had very
Romans were a civilization that originated after the Greek culture. They, like Greeks, saw an extreme significance in the idea of a love for one’s country and loyalty. The Romans, however, were more concerned with public affairs such as education, sanitation, and health. They held a strong connection with their ancestors and wished to imitate what the ancient Romans did. Although Romans rejected the idea of a Rex, or king, they favored the common hero. They wanted a leader who a “regular Joe”, someone who was average and could still led an average life after doing extraordinary things. The Romans also had a very defined government that was broken into consuls, senate, and assembly. There were two consuls who served in place of the king as the leaders of the Roman Empire. Next in succession was the senate, comprised only of patricians who debated and passed legislation. Finally, there was the assembly made for the plebeians to approve laws.
The major and often times only change was that Rome was now in complete control of the region’s foreign policy. Seeing that the benefits far exceeded the cost of incorporation, many regions were not only okay with the price of incorporation, but sought it out as a means of protection, ultimately creating the Latin League by the year 338 B.C..
Once Rome had established its independence, the other Latin tribes followed. The Latins then joined up in a league against the Romans. Troubled by this, Rome abandoned its claim of hegemony in Latium. Rome saw advantage in peace and cooperation and in 493 Rome joined an alliance with its Latin neighbors as an equal. This was to be the Latin League. The alliance treaty held that business contracts between people from different states within the alliance were to be bound by law. The treaty held that in wars against outsiders, alliance members were to share in commanding armies and in the spoils of war.”
Rome was constantly expected to maintain an army in order to defend its borders from barbarian attacks. This was an economically draining task that had an immense effect on the government. Not only did the troops have to be fed and bathed, but also trained and paid. The funds required by the legions left little to no money for the Empire. Tasks such as providing public housing and maintaining roads and aqueducts were no longer able to be completed. Left with no money, Rome could no longer function, leading to the downfall. Constant wars and overspending were putting Rome in an economical crisis. The Empire was struggling to gather sufficient troops to defend its boundaries against attacks and civil issues. Funds were constantly being channeled
The power of Rome for many centuries was held by the senate, which is a group of men of the wealthiest families in Rome. They made all the political and military decisions for Rome. Under the Senate the romans conquered many lands such as the entire Italian peninsula, southern france, Spain, and northern Africa. After the conquering of many of these lands the armies became independent and created civil wars in the land. Much of the Roman empire was corrupt and falling apart. Three generals Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar formed an alliance, they kept the senate but left it with little power and say. The senate was worried about Julius Caesar he was power hungry and very
Between the second century BCE and the first century ACE Rome expanded from a city-state into an empire controlling the Mediterranean Sea, which at the time of the Roman Empire, was the center of the civilized world. As years went by Rome fell. Many people link Rome and the United States together. Rome rose from nothing into a great world power, however, they reached their peak and then fell, much the same, as the United States is today.
Rome was governed by leading figures in a “constantly changing network of mutually dependent relationships” (Cultures of the West, p. 176). The Romans valued simplicity, and placed a high value on families, or “Familia”, where the men were mostly dominant. They arranged their government so that one group of people could not monopolize over power, and that each senate/assembly could be governed by another, which laid groundwork for the way a lot of governments run today. Republican Rome also gave birth to something much bigger in the scheme of territories during this time, being that the Roman Empire saw that they could simply not make peace with any of their neighbors until they had complete control of the Mediterranean sea. This lead to the Punic wars, which were fought over about 80 years between the Romans and the Carthaginians who lived in North Africa. These wars were fought over three main battles, one in 264 BCE over Sicily, one in 218 over Spain, and the last big battle fought in 149 BCE, which ultimately ended in the complete destruction of Carthage and every Carthaginian, besides some who were sold into slavery (Cultures of the West, p. 182). After the victory of the Carthaginians, Rome recognized the power they had now that they controlled the Mediterranean entirely to themselves. The openness and calmness of the waters lead to easy trade of
Augustus ruled from 27 BC to 14 AD. He was the first emperor and the founder of the roman empire. He thought wisely and was able to keep the peace. He shared his power with the senate and created police force and fire brigade.