One of the main theories that Thales stated was that earthquake is a result of the earth hitting or colliding with a powerful wave. Thales believed that the earth was a hard substance that was floating in the water. Since the earth had more water in the form of seas and oceans, therefor many waves exist. Following that a powerful wave could collide with the earth and cause an earthquake. Thales reasoning was due to some factors. First, there were no chances that there was a discovery of the difference between the hard matter of the Earth and its fluid.. Secondly, his reasoning could be easily proved as right by putting a floating substance in a basin of water. When this happens, the floating object could be shaken by the waves produced in the basin. However, a scientist had proven that the current continents were once a single substance that has disintegrated to the current continents. By following the continents shapes that resemble a puzzled and perfectly attached as a whole. Secondly, Thales believed in the existence of a
Hildegard Peplau was born on September 1, 1909, and she lived until March 17, 1999, she was raised in Reading, PA by her parents. In 1918 Hildegard witnessed the devastating flu epidemic which greatly influenced her understanding of the impact of illness and death on families. Hildegard graduated in 1931 from the Pennsylvania school of nursing, received her bachelor’s degree in interpersonal psychology in 1942, received her masters and doctoral degrees from
She began to perceive people in different ways after being exposed to the psychiatric training process. She quotes, “we would assume that other people are just like us - normal human beings - until it becomes apparent that they are not since they either have mental illnesses or diseases” (Luhrmann 5). To understand why people suffer and why they are categorized as “different”, there are multiple reasons for why an individual could cater a mental illness or a disease: the most important risk factor happens to be social isolation (Luhrmann 18). Recently, depression and mood disorders became more common in the twentieth century because there were no other times in human history where so many people have thoughts of being lonely (Luhrmann 18). Backgrounds also help explain where people are coming from and are key in providing an explanation of how a psychiatric illness could be hereditary (Luhrmann 18). For example, living under war-like conditions can bring post-traumatic stress disorders and shape the way people interact inside
AUTHOR: Richard Preston PUBLISHER: Random House DATE OF PUBLICATION: 1994 Setting: The setting g takes place in two major places. Reston Maryland which is a suburb of Washington DC. and the second major area is in Kenya Africa.
It makes one wonder if evil scientists do exist in the world, since they were willing to disobey universal human rights and laws. They, instead, do their own thing and don’t care about the human on the other side of the work, due to the fact that that person is considered mentally ill in some shape or form. Since the study was done on epileptics, it can be assumed that Elsie was involved in them. So, when Deborah read over Elsie’s autopsy report, she couldn’t suppress her shock, “That’s what they say was wrong with my sister? She had foolish?
Alice Ball came into the world on July 24, 1892, in Seattle, Washington. Her grandfather was a famous photographer and her father was a lawyer. She had two older brothers named Robert and William, and a little sister named Addie. She lived in Hawaii for two years and left Hawaii in time for her grandfather’s death in 1905. She then went to Seattle High School and graduated in 1910. She got a pharmaceutical degree from the College of Washington and co-authored a paper published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society. She returned to Hawaii and went to the College of Hawaii in 1915 and came out with a masters degree in science, specifically the field of chemistry.
This was very saddening to Cohn, who said that “the luckiest thing I ever did was marry a man who really believed that I should have a career…he didn’t just pay lip service to that; he really meant it.” She retired and closed down her laboratory in 1985, but kept an open office at the university where she would sometimes visit to mentor graduate students and post doctorate students right up to a few months before her death. For her 90th birthday, Cohn requested for her children to approve of yet another unthinkable dream, hangliding. After a twenty minute flight all she could say was that “she wished it had lasted much longer.” Cohn was inducted into the Women’s Hall of Fame in Seneca Falls, NY, one day before she passed away. When she saw “ that Hilary Clinton and Oprah Winfrey were also members, she decided that this could be a good place for her.” She left behind a legacy of learning and inspiring a plethora of young women to follow in her
Much of what is known about the Earth’s nuclear core can be learned from logical, mathematical reasoning. A great deal is understood about radioactive decay, and fission so with basic knowledge of the elemental pieces of the theory it is not difficult to make accurate estimates and predictions about the quantity, and commonality of these processes in the earth. Today the core of the Earth would be an estimated five miles in diameter.
Elion accomplished a lot in her 81 years working. She started out teaching biochemistry at New York hospital school of nursing, and then she was an unpaid chemistry lab assistant. She stuck with this job, hoping to eventually get paid and even made $20 a week, which is one of the reasons she was able to attend New York University (Koenig, 2006). She scrimped and saved and had help from her boyfriend, Leonard Canter (McGrayne, 2002). While in school, she taught as a teacher in training as well as a substitute (Elion, 1988). At the same time she was doing research for her Master’s at night and on the weekends to keep up. She eventually got a job doing analytical work for a food company. She did gain excellent instrumentation skills in this job even though she thought of it as quite boring. After this, Johnson and Johnson hired her, but that was short lived. Many people wanted to work with Elion, but she refused many job offers and agreed to work with George Hitchings at Burroughs Wellcome Company.
In addition to finding comfortability within the systematic environment of scientific academia, my analytically-predisposed mindset became attracted to one of the most important tenants of any scientific discipline: the priority of objectiveness. The elimination of any sort of personal biases and emotional involvement is necessary in maintaining credibility of new scientific theories. I wasn’t necessarily some sort of infant Spock character straight out of the Star Trek series, I simply happened to develop a capability to deduce the reasoning behind certain actions and events without exploding in response with emotional reaction. Konrad Lorenz, the ethologist who dubbed the term filial imprinting after noticing that certain ducklings emulate
It feels as though most of the time when thinking about psychology and the great contributions that have been made to it, that most of them have been from men, but along the way there have been several influential women that have contributed to the field of psychology as well. Just like men, there were several women who were pioneers, theorists, and counselors; many of these women have contributed to the field of psychology in their own special between the years of 1850 and 1950. Of all these amazing women who are pioneers, theorists, and counselors, the one who stands out the most is Anna Freud. This paper will go on to explain Anna Freud’s
When we study the history of psychology one might assume there were minimal female contributors, but that is a big misconception. Women in the past struggled with discrimination and many hurdles to gain recognition for their work. Women psychologists have gone largely unrecognized, unappreciated, and almost unseen to historical accounts. The lack of acknowledgement for women psychologists in today’s study takes away from the comprehensive study to our generation. It is exceedingly important that we receive a well-rounded education of all the great psychologists in history and not only the male founders. The following women I will discuss mention only a few who have made an influence in psychology.
Heat is a form of energy that is transferred between two substances at different temperatures. The flow of the energy is from the object of higher temperature to the object of lower temperature. The heat is measured in units of energy, usually calories or joules. Temperature on the other hand, is how cold or hot an object is. The temperature is the average kinetic energy per molecule of a substance. This is measured in degrees on the Celsius or Fahrenheit or in Kelvins.
Ernestine Wiedenbach was a nursing leader. She was born on August 18, 1900 in Hamburg, Germany. She moved to New York, United States in 1909. She graduated nursing from Johns Hopkins School of Nursing in 1925 and certified nurse midwife from maternity center association school nurse-midwife in New York 1946. She began her career as a maternity nursing instructor at Yale faculty in 1952. In 1954 and 1956, she worked as an assistant professor of obstetrics nursing and an associate professor respectively (Sante, 2011).