On October 7th, 1897, The Nation of Islam gained a new visionary with great talents. Elijah Muhammad is considered to be one of the most religious African American leaders to guide groups of converted muslims to fight for their beliefs. Little did he know, Muhammad would go face to face with a man who would impact his life through the religion and use his teachings to put wisdom through the black community. His life and stories have truly inspired many civil right activists and his name has also been mentioned in this category. Elijah Muhammad has shown incredible acts of leadership through leading a large group of Muslims and himself to find true peace for the rest of the black community, who were suffering from white supremacy. Therefore,
spiritual awakening. He then had abandoned the Islamic Nation and became an orthodox Sunni Muslim. Elijah Muhammad rose from poverty to become the charismatic leader of the black nationalist group Nation of Islam, and mentor of Malcolm X and Louis Farrakhan.
IN 1974, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad completed a 40 year period (1934-1974). The year 1934 , represents the time in which he was left on his own by Master Fard Muhammad. The completion of this period climaxed a historic Saviors’ Day address, when he spoke on “The Black God.”
With Malcolm's imprisonment ended the acceptance of the ghetto hustler and gangster life. In prison Malcolm had to find a new place to turn for acceptance. As his father did, Malcolm turned to religion. The religion he turned to, The Nation of Islam or more commonly known as the Black Muslims, were a group of African Americans who believed, among other things, that whites were the roots of evil. Malcolm became immersed in his religion. It seeped into every part of his life. "For the next years I was the nearest thing to a hermit in the Norfolk Prison Colony. I have never been more busy in my life" (173). Malcolm wrote many letters to family and friends about his new found faith and , most importantly, he found the acceptance he longed for with the teachings of Mr. Muhammad. This acceptance gave him purpose and after his release Malcolm became one of the foremost representatives of the Nation of Islam.
On October 7, 1897 in Sandersville, Georgia, a woman named Marie Poole gave birth to a boy who she named Elijah. Elijah’s parents were sharecroppers, and this father was a Baptist minister (Black Supremacists, 25). After an eighth grade education, in 1931, Elijah Poole moved to Detroit where, he says, he met “Allah in person”. This was a man named Fard Muhammad—“The first and only man born in Mecca who came to America for the express purpose of teaching the so-called Negro” (Mr. Muhammad Speaks, 103). Elijah studied under Fard Muhammad, after which, he acquired a new title and sense of purpose. Since then, Elijah referred to himself as “Elijah Muhammad, the messenger of Allah, to the Lost-Found Nation of
Why should such an understated figure, someone who describes himself as a “nobody”, speak as if he’s in a witness protection programme? The answer is that six years ago he decided to declare that he no longer accepted the fundamental tenets of Islam. He stopped being a believing Muslim and became
An individual known as Muhammad contemplated by himself in a cavern nearby Mecca and had acquired a godly insight. This insight established the beginning for a new creed. The ideology that emerged Muhammad’s vision turned out to be the foundation of one of the world’s most widely carry out creed, Islam. Muhammad was born in the city of Mecca, situated on the Arabian headland. Muhammad was raised by his uncle and grandfather due to his parents passing before he was six years old. His family were from a sept that was effective in Mecca politics.
The religion of Islam is based on the prophet Mohammad ibn-Abdullah born in Mecca around A.D.570 (Braswell, 11). “He served the Muslin community as a prophet, political and economic leader, and a commander –in –chief of his warriors” (Braswell, 19). In Islamic terms, Mohammad means, “the much praised one” and in Moslem it means “submission one”. It educates their followers that there is only one god and it is through their faith and conduct that they will go to a heaven or paradise after their death. Islam gives people principles and encourages unity (Crites, 2011). Mohammad's Islamic teachings manifested over the years. He would take trips into the
During his seven-year incarceration, Malcolm self-educated and converted to Islam. He joined the religious organization Nation of Islam, led by Elijah Muhammad. By the time he was paroled, Malcolm was a dedicated follower and had legally changed his surname from “Little” to “X,” because he considered “Little” a ‘slave’ name (“About Malcolm X”). The changing of his name marked the beginning of a new era.
In 1930, Poole met Fard Muhammad, who believed that it was time for the blacks to return to Islam, supposedly the religion of their ancestors. He became devoted to the religion, and, in 1934, was given the title "Supreme Minister." In 1942, he was jailed for evading the draft. The draft called for all males between the ages of 18 and 44 to join, and he refused, on claims that he was 45 and that his religion forbid it. Muhammad was then released at the end of the war, and found a likeness of himself in Malcolm X, which was one of the young new Muslims who had joined the Nation of Islam after the war. When he was released in 1946, he was undisputed head of the nation of Islam. Later in the 1950s Muhammad claimed X as his best disciple. Then,
He started out doing well in school, despite all the humiliation he went through because he was black. As he grew older, however, he turned to crime in order to get back at whites for the pain they caused him in the past. After a burglary incident, he was arrested and converted to Islam in prison. He educated and taught himself about the religion so that once he was released from prison, he could tell other people about the new person he became as a result of his conversion. Although he did incorporate his religious views into his speeches, his main focus was equal rights for blacks. He also spoke of the ways that white people deceived blacks into their ways of life, how blacks are controlled by the evil white man. He worked toward making his audience realize that they were mindlessly following whatever the whites followed. He says, “...[Elijah Muhammad] teaches us the importance of moral reformation, a knowledge of self”(Black Central). The leader of the Nation of Islam caught sight of Malcolm’s works and made him the official spokesperson for black Muslims. He was extremely involved with all of Elijah Muhammad’s works and teachings from playing this role. However, some dealings with the Nation of Islam and especially Elijah Muhammad caused Malcolm to depart from his religion. He had found that Elijah was lying to him and tried to have him killed, and
Malcolm began to work with the leader of the Nation of Islam, Elijah Muhammad, to expand the amount of black members in the religious group’s following. Malcolm X became the minister of Temple No. 7 in Harlem and Temple No. 11 in Boston, while also founding new temples in Hartford and Philadelphia. It was then that he met Betty Sanders, who also changed her last name to “X.” They married on January 14, 1958, in Michigan, and she gave him six daughters. Malcolm continued his advocacy and also established a national newspaper,
At first, the history of Islam is connected to Mohamed’s life. Mohamed was born in to a wealthy merchant Clan, which is now Saudi Arabia. On the other hand Muslims thought Islam began with God. Mohamed was raised by his uncle, because his parents and grandparents passed away. Mohamed lived the life of a Quryash Merchant then later married a girl by the name of Khadija. Mohamed started hearing voices and though he was going mad. But Khadija thought differently and told Mohamed that he was the chosen one. Mohamed searched for the true faith of Judaism and Christianity. Mohamed isolated himself in to the mountains near Mecca for retreat and mediation. Gabriel the Angel told Mohamed to recite the Koran. The Koran was only originally recited and not written down in one volume until after Mohamed’s death. This has brought controversy over the authentic composition. Mohamed’s wife was the first to convert.
He was sentenced to 8 years in Massachusetts State Prison. His education had come to an abrupt halt due to his life of crime. In jail, Malcolm used his sentence to gain a Master’s degree. Malcolm’s brother visited and discussed his recent conversion to the Nation of Islam, a Black nationalist organisation which used Islam to deal with the hardships of White supremacy in North America. Curious to find out more, Malcolm studied the teachings of Elijah Muhammad, the leader of the Nation of Islam. Malcolm underwent a transformation in prison. He learnt the value of knowledge; Malcolm famously said “education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare it for