On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks, one of the leaders of the local branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People [NAACP] refused to give up her seat to a white person on a segregated city bus in Montgomery, Alabama, despite being reprimanded by the driver (Schulke 166). Montgomery, Alabama was known for its terrible treatment of blacks. The buses in particular had been a source of tension between the city and black citizens for many years (Schulke, 167). As a result of refusing to give up her seat, Rosa Parks was arrested. Rosa Parks' popularity among the black community, proved to be the spark that ignited the non-violent Civil Rights Movement (Norrell 2).
Little did Rosa know that a simple act of courage would change the course of American history. That day she was arrested for violating Montgomery's transportation laws and took her to jail. She was soon released on a one-hundred dollar bail. A trial was scheduled for December 5, 1955. Her arrest brought a protest of seven thousand blacks in her community. Her community was small but every African American member of her town was sure to be protesting for her release that day. This protest rapidly started the creation of the Montgomery Improvement Association. The most involved and determined person besides Parks in this movement was Martin Luther King Jr. would call for a one-day bus boycott which ended up extending after Rosa was found guilty. Rosa was fined ten dollars. Rosa once again refused to pay any money and appealed her case. Rosa Parks and her husband both lost their jobs and were harassed and ridiculed for what happened on the bus. Most whites would say she made a fool out of herself and she embarrassed
As a few white passengers boarded the bus and the white sections were already full so the driver shouted back at four black people including Rosa Parks “Move y'all, I want those two seats”. As this demand was made by the driver 3 of the bus riders obeyed to what was shouted back, however Rosa Parks remained in her seat and was determined not to move. She was arrested following the bus drivers order and fined ten dollars. This, however small incited a great wave of bus boycotts which in Montgomery black people chose not to ride the bus for a period of 381 days. This still to date is known as the moment in which the civil rights movement started to gain headway. It was the will of one woman who decided it was time for black people to take a stand and from this point on Martin Luther King was assigned to take this boycott on. Although he was assigned to take this on people also felt as he was young, fresh and people had not formulated enough of an opinion of him, there was little room for him to be hated yet so he posed as the right figure to lead this. After the many days of boycotting the case of this transport issue in Alabama went to the Supreme Court. Here it was decided that segregation was declared as unconstitutional so segregation by law was no
One hundred days after Emmett Till's murder, Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on an Alabama city bus, sparking the yearlong Montgomery bus boycott. “
Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat at the ‘colored section’ inside the bus to a white passenger, and this went against the customs at the time. As a result of the arrest, Montgomery black community initiated a bus boycott that lasted for more than a year.
It was December 1, 1955 when Rosa Parks boarded the bus and sat in the section labeled "whites only". She was ordered to get up so a white man could sit down, but she refused. She was arrested for not getting up. Because of her arrest, a 381 day protest led by Martin Luther King was started. "... a court case that took Alabama's discriminatory laws all the way to the U.S Supreme Court," as Prerana Korpe states in Rosa Parks and Civil Disobedience. This shows how serious Rosa Parks arrest was because her case went all the way to the U.S Supreme Court. Boycotting ended as soon as the bus segregation was declared unconstitutional. Rosa Parks said, "I would like to be known as a person who is concerned about freedom and equality and justice and prospeirty for all people." This shows how Rosa Parks wanted people to view her. The peaceful 381 day protest led by Matin Luther King had positively impacted a free society because the bus segregation ended
On March 2, 1955 a 15 year old girl, Claudette Colvin, refused to give up her seat on the Montgomery City Bus to a white man and in violation of city law she was arrested and taken to jail. Later that year in December Rosa Parks boarded the Cleveland Avenue bus to go home after a long day of work. Sitting in the first row of the colored section the bus slowly filled up with passengers.
Not only did the Greensboro lunch counter sit-ins happen, but many other major protesting events happened too such as: Little Rock 9, Freedom Rides, Emmett Till’s murder, The Montgomery Bus Boycott, and many more (Greensboro Sit-Ins). When the sit-ins took place, the 4 black men sat at an all-white lunch counter and asked for coffee. They were told that they could not be served and that they had to leave the whites-only section. As the protests continued, the whites got more violent towards the four men. This pushed the blacks even more so to end racial inequality (Melanie Lacey). This went on for 5 months, 3 weeks, and 3 days. They were determined to end racial inequality and wanted all races to be treated equally (Greensboro
On December 1, 1955 a black seamstress, after a long and exhausting day at work, got onto a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama and sat in the back where the blacks were portioned off. A few stops following, a flock of white people boarded. They seized all the remaining seats in the front, except for one white man who was forced to stand as the seats were filled up. The bus driver ordered the four black people in the rear end of the bus to give up their seats to the white man.Three of the four stood up hesitantly. Rosa Parks, the work-weary black seamstress did not. She was arrested later that evening. She was angry at the hate and disrespect towards blacks and minorities. She had enough of the way the world has treated them and she knew that
Segregation was almost as if blacks and whites were on completely different planets. Black people were deigned throughout the public transportation system. They were forced to ride in the back or stand in the isles. They could not walk past the front section of the bus, they paid their fee, got off the bus, and reentered through the back door. Obscene drivers would let African Americans pay their fee, yet after disembarking to go through the back entrance the bus driver would leave. In Montgomery Alabama, 1955, a black seamstress by the name of Rosa Parks sits in the correct seat on the bus. The white section is filled. A middle-aged white man asks Rosa to move. She refuses. This event sparked the Civil Rights Movement. Enraged by these immoral circumstances they went to city council and denounced the bus companies. “The mayor instructed the bus company to begin stopping at every corner in black neighborhoods, just as buses did in white sections in town.” (Freedman 11). Although the change was small it gave hope and light for the victims to see more in the future. The ride was long and bumpy but finally because of their steadfastness they reached their destination. “At long last, a court had upheld the protesters’ cause” (Freedman
In Alabama, there used to be a segregation law where African Americans had to sit in the back of the bus. If a white person happens to be on a bus where the seats are full, an African American would have to stand and allow that person to have the seat instead. In December 1955, Rosa Parks refused in a calm manner when the bus driver asked her and other passengers of colour to give up their seats, she was then arrested and sent to jail. After this, Martin Luther King Jr. arranged a bus boycott. After 13 months of boycotting, the U.S. Supreme Court to finally ruled the bus segregation law as unconstitutional, the act of civil disobedience was ultimately successful.
In addition, they were not allowed to have industries, modern facilities, transportation, or access to a portion of land that would be suitable for their population. Similarly, African Americans were oppressed and inferior to white Americans. They were not given access to the same education, transportation, or jobs. African Americans were entirely treated as inferior and were not granted constitutional rights that other Americans had access to.
Sense Rosa Parks did not move from her seat when she was told too. After that simple action ended up to a series of events, first she got arrested for disobeying the law. Then she went to court and was found guilty and went to jail. After that there was a year long bus boycott. In an article by History.com it states that “The leaders of the local black community organized a bus boycott that began the day Parks was convicted of violating the segregation laws”(Rosa Parks). The African American community in Montgomery organised a bus boycott on the date that Parks was going to court. The African American community would not go on the bus system that day but it ended up being a year long. This was a little cause that help with desegregating the south. The bus boycott was a method used to support Rosa Parks . Many people did not have a voice, they would do what they were told because that is what they always knew. In an article by History.com states that “However, it was only by custom that bus drivers had the authority to ask a black person to give up a seat for a white rider”(Rosa Parks). Before all of this happened there was segregation almost everywhere. Back then whites got to sit in the front of the bus and blacks could sit anywhere but when a white passenger got on they had to move from there seat. So what Parks did was she did not move she said no because that is what she believed in. That is what started
On Thursday evening December 1, 1955, Rosa boards a Montgomery City Bus to go home after a long day working as a seamstress. She walks back to the section for blacks, and takes a seat. The law stated that they could sit there if no White people were standing. Rosa parks never liked segregation rules and has been fighting against them for more than ten years in the NAACP, but until then had never broke any of the unjust rules. As the bus stops at more places, more white people enter the bus, all the seats in the “White Only” section was filled and the bus driver orders Rosa’s row to move to the back of the bus, they all moved, accept Rosa. She was arrested and fined for violating a city regulation. This act of defiance began a movement that ended legal Segregation in America, and made her an inspiration to freedom devoted people everywhere.