Before the Industrial Revolution some industry existed in Europe, but on a much smaller scale. As industrialization spread throughout Europe so did other things that made for better living conditions. Before industrialization many families worked at home and barely made enough to get by. But after industrialization there were more opportunities for outside work and money. Also, the monarch no longer ruled them and they had a stronger voice in the government.
There is no doubt that the Industrial Revolution plays a central role in the modern British history. The structure of British society has forever changed by the impact and consequences of Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution is often stated as the increase of the number of factories, the exercise of steam power in a wide range of area and the mass-production produced by new technology in the course of 1750 to 1850 (Lane, 1978: 72). Engles (1986: 37) argued that the Industrial Revolution’s mainly development were the invention of the steam engine and the cotton industry. As the improvement of technology, the steam engine could produce more power with less
By Definition, a rapid major change in an economy (as in England in the late 18th century) marked by the general introduction of power-driven machinery, or by an important change in the prevailing types and methods of use of such machines.- Merriam- Webster This definition over simplifies the industrial revolution. In reality the Industrial Revolution was much more complex and encompasses many different aspects. With that said the events that led to the Industrial Revolution were even more complicated. How and why Great Britain was the first to lead the Revolution was multifaceted and involves many aspects of economic and social developments. The predisposition of easily acquired recourse and healthy state politics allowed Great Britain to prosper. A core piece of the Industrial revolution was the advent of new technology. This technology would increase the production and efficiency of all factories. As more and more people flooded the cities and towns the demand for more goods skyrocketed pushing civilization into a new age. The Industrial Revolution was a cycle that feed itself, with need came technology and with technology came need and through this process arose new society. What led Great Britain to become the first country to star in the Industrial Revolution, comes down to a complex system of factors. Each aspect holds a major role in the contribution in the growth of the Industrial Revolution and of Great Britain.
The industrial revolution was a success during the 19th century. Many new things were made and manufactured. There were both positive and negative effects of the industrial revolution there were less people dying but still some which brought up the population which meant more jobs but the working conditions weren't great.
Although there were many positives to the industrial revolution such as the improved transport system around the country, the quicker manufacturing, the new
The Industrial Revolution affected Europe’s surpassing of other nations in a huge way. Europe’s population increase influenced significant economic adjustments across the nation such as the demand for industrial goods and resources. Britain brought the way of industrialization introducing manufacturing businesses and more urbanized societies. This significant change brought industrialization throughout all other European countries. Britain was the height of resources such as coal and iron, which were also at a high demand across the world. Technology began to advance as iron and copper became the common use of new tools and machinery making Britain’s metal production globally dependent upon across the
In the 1700s, improvements in agricultural practices and a boom in the population allowed Great Britain to industrialize. As people were able to buy food at lower prices with less labor, there was in increase of people who contributed to the surplus of labor in growing factories. Great Britain had investments in industrial machines and factories, as well as an efficient central bank and credit facilities that allowed an environment in which people were in favor for innovative ideas. The nation had an abundant amount of mineral sources that were needed in the manufacturing process, which also led to the country having excellent exports and a ready outlet for the shipment of goods. As time went on, the Second Industrial Revolution came to be.
The Industrial Revolution could only have happened in 18th Century Britain due to the abundance of cheap natural resources, especially coal. Coal is probably the most important factor causing the industrial revolution, without it none of the technological advancements achieved during the Industrial Revolution could have happened. Britain did have access to coal before 1700, but mines rarely went very far below the surface as there wasn’t much demand for it. However, this all changed as the nation started to industrialise itself. The demand for coal grew more and more as more
On of the main reason the Industrial Revolution happened in Great Britain was the geology or location. Great Britain had on of the most important port in the world, and in the this port was a valuable resource called coal. Coal was found in large quantities on the shore. Coal could make three times more energy than wood. Also, wood was getting less and less abundant because towns were expanding or getting built.
industrialization began small during the late 1700's in the UK and France, after the agricultural
The Industrial Revolution refers to the greatly increased output of machine-made goods that began in England in the middle 1700s. Before the Industrial Revolution, people made items by hand. Soon machines did the jobs that people didn’t want to do. This was a more efficient way of making goods. During the industrial revolution, Political, economical, and social forces led to a period of upheaval for the French during the eighteenth century. What political, economical, and social forces led to a period of upheaval though during this time?
For Europe in the 18th and 19th century, change was everywhere. The Industrial Revolution was pivotal in terms of agriculture, clothing, technology, transportation, communication and urbanization. England is recognized for the birth of the Industrial Revolution. Because they had the government’s encouragement, the technological resources, and a varied trade network. Because Britain lacked oak and had an abundance of coal and iron, these two easy to mine materials then efficiently powered fuel. England continued to be persistent in manufacturing goods and raw materials. Soon, agricultural, technological, and social revolutions would launch across Europe, creating changes in
The slave trade or rather the triangular trade was a major trade between Britain, Africa, and West Indies and the Americas. Britain had traded manufactured goods to Africa, who then traded slaves to the plantations and they then traded produce goods like sugar and cotton. This trade played a significant role in the British history and economy. According to Eric Williams book, Capitalism and Slavery, the slave trade a played a key role in the funding of Britain’s industrial revolution, “The profits obtained provided one of the main streams of that accumulation of capital in England which financed the Industrial Revolution” (Williams 52). The profits that
The Industrial Revolution in France occurred after the other revolutions throughout Europe; however, they experienced an increase of the pace of their industrialism despite not exactly developing as quickly as other countries in Europe. The competition from the other industries seen in foreign areas caused the revolution in France. Unfortunately, many people with specialized, artisanal skills had to give up their trade. The largest shift of this nature was those who spun cotton and wool had to give their consumers and production over to the developing textile industry. The cottage industries, those jobs completed from one’s home, in France became extremely difficult for citizens. Those who worked in those industries could not find jobs that paid enough for survival. Degradation of the family economy gave rise to cultural shifts in the working class as families had less control over their lives. Many men were forced to make more money by traveling with the construction industry to build methods for transportation like railways and canals.