How Did The Construction Of The Angkor State Lead A Collapse?
1040 WordsDec 1, 20165 Pages
How did the construction of the Angkor State lead to its collapse?
In 802 A.D., the self-proclaimed incarnation of Shiva on Earth declared independence of modern – day Cambodia from Java, marking the beginning of the Angkor period. With strong political, religious, and economic power, the Khmer empire established a territory including Cambodia, parts of southern Vietnam, and much of Thailand. Angkor, the capitol city of the Khmer empire, came to be a complex and prosperous metropolis that supported a very large population. Eventually, the Khmer Empire came to a cultural demise midway through the fifteenth century. The unifying culture came to an end, and many of the factors leading to this have origins in the construction of the Angkor state. To understand the complex processes that led to such cultural reformation, it is important to explore the constituents of the Angkor State’s becoming. Jayavarman II, the god – king worshipped by those of the Angkor state, had a very large influence over the livelihood of those he ruled over, as did leaders before and after his time. The strong Hindu faith of Angkor’s population was a driving factor of its construction – the largest religious monument in history, Angkor Wat, was created under the rule of Suryavarman II. It was built as a shrine to Lord Vishnu, preserver of the universe. There were also large shrines to house the divine phallus of each god-king (Ancient Lives, Brian M. Fagan). Religion was a key component of making the