According to Dictionary.com, “A revolution is an overthrow or repudiation and the thorough replacement of an established government or political system by the people governed” (Dictionary.com Staff). During the Russian Revolution, many of the citizens were left to starve and were controlled by a corrupt government due to the poor leadership of Czar Nicholas II.The people of Russia were greatly affected by the Revolution by this because it changed their everyday lives forever. Poor leadership, scarcity of food, and corrupt governing can cause riots, rebellion and death to the citizens of Russia. The Russian Revolution left a lasting effect on Europe and its people by executing them and leaving them to starve because of the defective government and leadership that Russia possessed.
The revolution in Russia was successful because they replaced their old government with a new communist nation. Karl Marx never had envisioned this for Russia. The Bolshevik’s goal was to destroy Russia’s social system and replace it with a more superior one. This shows that the revolution was truly a success and not only impacted Russia, but other countries around the world as well.
The Marxists in Russia divided into two different political parties: The Mensheviks and Bolsheviks. Lenin led the Bolsheviks, they believed that the only way Russia would prevail was if it where to be governed by a small elite core of revolutionaries. February of 1917, workers gave protesting another try and actually had the soldiers side with them. The Tsar finally admitted defeat and stepped down from the throne and a provisional government was put into place. The leader of the provisional government was Andrew Kerensky, and when he decided to continue fighting World War I many soldiers deserted him and everyone turned to the Bolsheviks. The only political party to be completely against the provisional government as well as World War 1.
The people of Iran revolted as they were extremely unhappy with the current government at the time, had a influential future leader taking the reins of their revolution, but ended up with a rule just as oppressive as the former. These events are similar to those that transpired during the Russian Revolution and its aftermath, which took place about 61 years before in 1917. Russians were absolutely furious at the Tzar due to food shortages after multiple political and economic hiccups. Vladimir Lenin, who had developed a hate for the royal family at a young age after his brother was executed for treason, lead a new political party called the Bolsheviks. Lenin was exiled to Siberia over the course of the Russian Revolution, but he was
The Bolshevik were a Russian faction group that became the Communist party. Lenin was in Western Europe from 1903 to 1917 as an émigré and built up a Bolshevik group in Russia. (Vladimir) This shows that with wit and brains anyone can attract a large following and use them to support your radical Marxist communist ideals. One of Lenin's favorite thing to do in Western Europe was read all the text. With his background in literature he loved reading foreign books. This helped him gain the knowledge he needed to become a successful leader. When Lenin couldn’t pull together the Bolsheviks in 1917, Lenin escaped to Finland. When there he tried to control Bolshevik politics, he encouraged the Central Committee to do something about the nations state. (Vladimir) With this kind of strength to endure through the hardest of times Vladimir shows us his true capability’s to endure throughout failure. Already he is becoming quite a successful leader and an authority
Vladimir Lenin promised a classless society for the Russian people, but instead the Communists got all the power. Lenin was inspired by the idea of Karl Marx, who wrote that capitalism should be ended in the Communist Manifesto. Lenin and his followers the bolsheviks took control of the Russian government once Lenin returned from exile. The Bolsheviks claimed that they would give “peace, land and bread”. Instead they set up councils called soviets that they had power over. Lenin promised that he would give land and factories to everyone, but only the communist party controlled them. Even though they were claiming to be following Marx's idea they did not establish socialism.
The fight for communism began “in the early evening of October 24, [the Military Revolutionary Committee] used small bands of troops loyal to their cause or the Red Guards… to take control of the railway station, telephone exchange, electricity plants, post offices, the state bank, and key bridges” (Gellately 37). Although there were a small amount of revolutionaries, the Russian government was without proper defense and they quickly took control of key areas in the state (Gellately 37). Lenin had to convince his Bolshevik constituents that a quick revolution was the proper course of action, he was met with much resistance at first, but his persistence convinced his comrades. Through his leadership a small revolutionary army was able to secure the majority of Russia. Subsequent to the revolution, an election was held in which Lenin and his Bolshevik party “managed only 24 percent of the vote” while the social revolutionaries won the election with “40 percent of the ballots” (Gellately 39). However, Lenin had expected an electoral defeat and “had no intention of letting the Constituent Assembly meet”(Gellately 39). Despite his previous promises, Lenin believed that he was the one who would lead Russia to prosperity through Marxism and “In December 1917, Lenin made the case for forcing through a vanguard dictatorship, in full defiance of the
Before the Russian and French Revolutions, both countries faced social inequality, economic problems, and lack of representation in the government. Russia's and France’s peasants faced heavy taxes and debt which kept them in poverty and out of food. Both countries held absolute monarchs before their revolutions so the people had little say in their government. As a result, the peasants of neither country had many rights War debt crippled both countries economies as well, leading to more tension between civilians and their leaders. Prior to their revolutions, the Russian and French monarchies had progressively weakened the country with war debt and lavish spending, leading to distrust of each country's people and a declining economy. Louis XVI
Russian was rule by monarchy for a long period of time but years leading to the World War I change the political landscape in Russia. Under the monarchy rule the lower classes had suffered from poverty, the famine and loss of human lives during World War resulted in Russian Revolution. After the Russia Revolution, the Bolshevik Party adopted communism in Russia in 1917. Marxism was the basis of the Soviet Union, but Lenin further developed the Marxist ideology to fit conditions in Russia. Under the Marx’s socialist government he working class or proletariat would rule the society and prevent the bourgeoisie from regaining the political power. Also the socialist government would control the peasants. Lenin had a different perspective, since
The Bolsheviks were a political faction located in Russia around the early twentieth century. The Bolsheviks were a socialist political party that wanted to unite the various political parties of the Russian Empire. They would form the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, after the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. The Bolsheviks were founded by Vladimir Lenin, who considered himself the leader of the working class of Russia. There were 8,400 members when the organization was founded in 1905, but the group grew to over 46,000 by 1907(Pipes 364-5). The Bolsheviks goal was to overthrow the government, and set up a new government that would support the middle class. The Bolsheviks were able to accomplish this because the Provisional Government was
“[They] did not have an ideology that stressed high ideals. They had an immediate programme for the time when they would attain power ...” (C.N. Trueman). The Bolsheviks were founded by Vladimir Lenin in 1905. They were extremely popular with the lower class in Russia. During this time, if a citizen was previously a “nobody”, then he or she could become a “somebody” by joining the party. Most Bolsheviks were not necessarily educated, knowing that most of the party consisted of the poor; however, all of them did have one thing in common: a belief in Marxism ideals and what Vladimir Lenin stood for. They enforced a system that was oppressive and aggressive. The ideals were either that “you’re in or you’re dead…your choice.” They wouldn’t take “no” for an answer and felt that they had so much power. Wanting revenge on the upper class, they would do anything. Furthermore, the Bolshevik Party disagreed on multiple
1917-1918, the Russian Revolution emerged centering around two essential events: the February Revolution, in which the Czar was overthrown, and the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks took over power resulting in the creation of the world’s first communist country led by Vladimir Lenin. This resulted to the brutal, cruel and bloody Civil War. What was left was an extreme regime that was to rule Russia until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, which also meant the end of communism. Despite the creation of an extreme regime including suppression, forced labor camps, execution of people with different ideologies, bribes etc., the communists had a great goal at first. The Communist Party wanted to achieve social and financial equality in a classless and stateless society in which the fulfillment of human needs including satisfying work and an equal share of benefit derived from labor was essential.
1917-1918, the Russian Revolution emerged centering around two essential events: the February Revolution, in which the Czar was overthrown, and the October Revolution, in which the Bolsheviks took over power resulting in the creation of the world’s first communist country led by Vladimir Lenin. This resulted in the brutal, cruel and bloody Civil War. What was left was an extreme regime that was to rule Russia until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, which also meant the end of communism. Despite the creation of an extreme regime, including suppression, forced labor camps, execution of people with different ideologies, bribes etc., the communists had a great goal at first. The Communist Party wanted to achieve social and financial equality in a classless and stateless society in which the fulfillment of human needs including satisfying work and an equal share of benefit derived from labor was essential.
After overthrowing the Provisional Government and forming the Sovnarkom socialist government in the October Revolution (1917), the Bolsheviks were hampered by problems that arose over social, political and economic factors, however to consolidate their power, they used means of sabotage and appeasing the population. Many decrees were published to placate the masses, such as the Decree on land and the Decree on Workers’ Control, to control the economic situation. Politically, the Bolsheviks formed the Cheka to expose and investigate all counter-revolutionary and criminal activities. What sparked the consolidation of power was the dissolution of the Constituent Assembly.
The Bolsheviks were first and foremost dedicated Marxists, whose primary objective was to free the proletariat from bourgeois overlords not just in Russia but all over the world. Unfortunately for the leaders of the Revolution,