African civilizations and the spread of Islam The lower part of Africa below the Sahara, that area was never really isolated but it was hard and difficult to contact. Between 800 and 1500 C.E the contact with the “outside world” grew intensely. “Social, religious and technological changes took place that influenced
12. Describe general and specific effect of geography on the history and development of Africa - Geography plays a big part in the history of Africa because it has made the continent the cradle of human kind wherein the discovery of human kind and the origin of many civilizations and cultures happens here.
Chapter 1 Physical Context of African History: Geography and Environment 1. Although some may think of Africa as being of a single climate and terrain description, in reality a wide variety of land types can be found throughout Africa. How does this wide variety of climates and physical terrains affect human life and settlement patterns on the African continent? Different terrains and climates allowed for different lifestyles for Africans in different regions. Those close to the sea were susceptible to invasion, but had the advantage of maritime trade. Those living more in land were isolated but protected by the diseases visitors would contract that did not affect the locals. Due to the fact that Africa is so massive, it has many
Sahel Region of Africa- A semiarid region of north-central Africa south of the Sahara Desert. That has been afflicted by prolonged periods of extensive
Now, humans have a steady food supply so they do not have to move about. Therefore, people use fences to keep their animals in one place, which causes overgrazing. Today we see many subjects being affected by desertification. Ute Schaeffer reports the affects of desertification in, Down to Earth: News & Views on Desertification,“(doc.3) It has presented a challenge for governments and aid agencies in over 110 countries for some time, and is a contributing factor in poverty and regional conflicts, for example in Sudan. It has also been a major issue in Egypt, where 90% of the country’s land mass is desert. Faced with a rising population, the government has had to undertake a number of settlement and irrigation projects to create additional living and working space.” Necessary changes were made in order to adapt to the conditions of the desert and the obstacles that have to be faced. It is always presumed that there are only negative aspects to deserts but this isn’t always the case. There is a side to the Sahara desert that acts as a home to several living organisms. The Sahara has vegetation and access to water, which allows life to exist in this region. The Nile Valley, for example, is an area that is still quite full of foliage, trees and other growing things. This area is an exception, because of the way it is fed by the Nile River. Another area of the Sahara that has some vegetation to it is in the North, along the Mediterranean where olive trees grow
The enviromnet plays a huge role in the way they live in Africa. Where a region is located has a very big impact on the activities that are able to take place there. If a place is too hot or too cold, certain plants are not able to grow there. Also, too much rainfall or not enough rainfall can help or prevent certain plants from growing. In Africa your specific location in regards to elevation, and the equator, the climate and the natural resources all play a role in Africa's economy.
In the southern margins of the Sahara Desert, going southward toward East Africa are tall, rather
Attending The Charles H. Wright African American Institution, the largest, made me elated. This was my initial feeling because I have been wanting to go but always procrastinated. The reason for my procrastination was due to me thinking I learned everything about the African American history in high school. As
Ancient Egypt was affected by its geography. The Nile flows through Egypt, making it easier for the Egyptians to trade. The Nile served as a trade route, Egyptians could use rafts and boats to float to carry their goods they want to trade. Historymuseum.com stated “The Nile was surrounded by deserts, some of the desserts it was surrounded by is the Arabian Desert and the Libyan Desert.” This caused problems for the people who lived in the desert. The wind could carry the sand and could cause health problems and decrease visibility, “Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River in large part because the river’s annual flooding ensured reliable, rich soil for growing crops, “If they could grow enough crops they would end up having a stable
Between 1492 and 1750, Africa and the Americas engaged in the Columbian Exchange. Many changes took place in both countries during this time period, falling into two important categories, demographic and environmental effects. In the case of the Americas and Africa, many similarities and differences exist. In the case of demographic effects, both the Americas and Africa experienced disease, however, disease took a greater toll on Americans than Africans. This important change led to both the Americas and Africa facing changes in the number of females and males within the country, however, while the number of males increased in the Americas, the number of males decreased in Africa. Connecting back to changes in population, there was also surpluses and increase in childbirth in the Americas and Africa, due to the introduction of many new crops. In the case of environmental effects, America faced more significant changes than Africa.
During of the course of reading this week’s section in the text one of things that hit me the hardest was the lack of credit given to the African people for their innovations and developments to the human race. The African continent has had a long history of the development of new techniques and technologies in the areas of science, technology, arts, and mathematics. Across Africa many empires and tribal groups flourished and the people prospered without outside rule or influence for decades. Throughout the continent of Africa lies some of the greatest architectural wonders and religious artifacts on the planet. However, this all changed when colonial powers of Europe started their colonization process by spreading false information about the
Angelica Gonzalez Period: May 3, 18/2017 How the civilizations before 1600 were obtained, consolidated and maintained in Africa and America Africa is the third continent by its extension, Asia and America is situated between the oceans. Each of the African countries have their own histories, some historians believe that Africa had no history, but many of them told them why Africans had no history because Africans were illiterate, and as they left no trace of history Of Africa to investigate enough to obtain information on the history of Africa. The Egyptians were the first civilization that arose in Africa. In the southern part of Africa religion was Christianity and Protestantism.
2. What There were also many sources of water in northern Africa, the most obvious being the Nile River, which the prosperous civilization ancient Egypt took advantage of. As you go farther south into Africa, the geological features change. As the desert fades, the vast jungle comes into play. Due to the scattered food supplies, the people living in the jungles of Africa were forced to be nomadic, navigating the jungle in search of harvestable food. With all the moving around, civilization could not develop to the fullest, as they had no time to settle down and work on the development of a city or village because of their constant moving around to
When most think of Africa, they automatically think hot and dry. Africa's climate is hot in most places, however, due to elevation some places are much cooler than others. The diverse climates of Africa leads to a diverse economy. The distance from the equator, elevation and
Geographical location: Ancient Africa is nearly 5,000 miles from north to south, Africa that lies south of the Sahara desert is the second-largest continent and was the home of some of the earliest and most advanced cultures of the ancient world. Most of the rivers and streams in the Sahara are seasonal or intermittent, the chief exception being the Nile River, which from its origins in central Africa, crosses the desert underground before emptying into the Mediterranean.