How Did Turkey Geopolitics Influence Its Foreign Policy And Foreign Relations

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2.2 How did Turkey’s geopolitics influence its foreign policy and foreign relation? The direction of Turkey’s foreign policy has shaped by many factors and geopolitics defiantly played an important part in it. Turkey’s foreign policies during the cold war are the product of westernization and the democratic reforms of the 1930s. Thus, the Cold War’s atmosphere had forced Turkey to make a choice between the East and the West (CITATION). Since the reform Turkey’s foreign policy was mostly western oriented therefore Turkey decide to side by the west and became a member of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in 1952. However, NATO’s reaction over the Cuban Missile Crisis and the Cyprus conflict, made Turkey questioned the accountability of its American allies far across the ocean. Therefore, Turkey stated to improve foreign relations and build economic and political ties with the Eastern bloc and neighboring Islamic countries. This was not an axis shift in Turkish foreign policy, but a multidimensional policy with a more proactive, practical and cooperative approach(citation). Turkey has benefited significantly from trade and integration with the European Union, thus EU membership is crucial for Turkey’s future development and…show more content…
Even though both country are majority Muslim, one of the major conflict of interest lies between the Sunni Shia divide. The other major difference is political culture. Iran is an example of modern theocracy, where its laws are compatible with the Islamic shiria law; while Turkey is secular, where religion were reduced to a moral code without legal obligation. Iran is an Islamic republic, where the religious leader has the ultimate authority and decision making power; on the other hand Turkey is a republican parliamentary democracy. There are similarities between Iran and Turkey such as both countries has strategic location dominated major trade
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