Alfred Russel Wallace was an important figure in biology and made discoveries that forever changed biology. He was an interesting person to learn about and how he came up with the discoveries he made. Some of the things I found interesting about Alfred were his major contribution to science, what inspired him to do the work he did, and what the world knew about this topic at the time Alfred was working on his discoveries.
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace are two very important people in the history behind science. Both from England, they had similar thoughts and beliefs about our world and not only how it was created, but how it was changing, as well. Charles Darwin grew up in a wealthy family. His father was a physician and wanted Charles to follow in his footsteps one day. Charles was in boarding school and he would come home and help his brother Robert with experiments in their shed. He was also very into studying different things he saw in the woods between his house and school. He wasn’t a very good student, however. Or at least not an interested one. Charles dropped out of boarding school and enrolled in medical school in Edinburgh with his brother but he decided he didn’t want to be a doctor. He decided to become a
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace two different people yet one same idea. Charles Robert Darwin was an english naturalist whose theory of evolution by natural selection is defined as the “foundation of modern evolutionary theories.” Darwin and Wallace both lived during the same period of time in the mid 1800’s and both studied natures theory of evolution. Let us get into the evolution of Mister Charles Darwin. Alfred Russel Wallace was another English naturalist who also came up with the idea of evolution by natural selection at about the same time as Darwin. Darwin began his bold discoveries after a voyage around the world in 1837 through 1839, where he spent around twenty years on his studies of his theories, in which he waited almost two decades to unleash his discoveries.
Although many know that Darwin proposed the theory of evolution, Alfred Russel Wallace helped Darwin propose the theory of evolution. According to Dr. Parenti, Wallace also believed that biology predicts geology. In addition, Dr. Parenti believes that on the date Wallace wrote a letter about a remarkable observation he made, the field of modern biogeography began. Wallace observed two distinct faunas – the Indo-Malayan Biotic Area and the Australian Biotic Area – that were separated by a demarcation that was later named Wallace’s Line.
Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace like so many of their predecessors made observations of natural phenomena that inspired proposals of how life on earth evolved, unlike others these men formed plausible explanations of how the changes in populations occurred without having any knowledge of Mendelian genetics which was presented in 1868, and provided the micro-mechanism for evolution that Darwin could never explain with his theory of Pangenesis. Rather, based solely on the observations each made over time observing different species of populations around the world, both men were able to pen the ideals that would serve as the foundation of the modern theory of evolution.
Alfred Russel Wallace, the father of zoogeography, was very influential to the field of biogeography. Born in 1823, he spent his life studying the connections between geographic variation between species and the physical features of Earth. Wallace noted the significance between geography and the creation of new species. For example, a species is separated into two groups on opposite side of a mountain range that forms. Over time, both populations evolve so much to their specific habitat that the groups are so dissimilar that they are two different species.
The theory of natural selection was developed in two different instances by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace. Stating that the progeny of an organism with traits better suited to the environment will survive, and will continue to evolve following random adaptation – natural selection opposed the strongly held conviction in divine intervention. However, the theory of natural selection would not have been able to secure a foothold for secularism and naturalism without the aid of all those that came before it. The theory of natural selection cannot be seen as independent from its history because it was formed upon the theories and the social environments created by previous scientists and thinkers.
Alfred Wallace is a priceless historical figure in the scientific community, more so in his own time than today. Wallace’s life was full of unfortunate twists; from illnesses to shipwrecks he had been through it all. However, none of these twists is more unfortunate than how he is remembered by history, or rather, how his has been forgotten by it. Alfred Wallace was one of the first to construct the theory of Natural Selection and how it drives evolution only to be beaten to the punch by Charles Darwin, who is usually credited with the theory. That’s not all Wallace did though; he also drafted maps, collected new species in Malaysia and was quite popular in his own time for these discoveries. Yet despite his struggles and his accomplishments,
Alfred Russel Wallace, the Father of Biogeography, was born January 8th, 1823. He was known as a naturalist, explorer, anthropologist, geographer and biologist. These last two fields are what made him into a biogeographer, and led him to develop the theory of evolution that would later prompt Charles Darwin to develop his own theory of evolution. What most people know of Wallace, was his creation of the Wallace line in Indonesia dividing animals that have an Australian origin on one side and an Asian origin on the other. Wallace held many controversial viewpoints on a lot of religious and social issues that ended up getting him criticized by his peers. He was a prolific writer who was one of the first to consider the impact of humans on the landscape and wrote about social issues and his adventures. His journal the Malayan Archipelago was one of his most popular journals published in in the 19th century. When Wallace died, many wanted him buried in Westminster Abbey, however his family followed his wishes and buried him in a small cemetery in Broadstone, Dorset. Shortly after, a medallion was created for him and is placed near Charles Darwin’s burial place in Westminster Abbey in 1915 (Spyman, 2011).
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823-1913) was a peer of Charles Darwin and Richard Owen. Nothing less than a self-taught man, Wallace was highly trained in many fields, especially business, politics and science. Despite all this his true love was the study of animals, and is known today as a naturalist. Wallace came from a financially unstable home, so at times proper education was out of reach, but his family valued learning and kept many books and maps. As a young man he was largely taught himself and began to question many things such as social standards, religion, and even questioned if life on other planets was a possibility. His humble beginnings steadily gave way to opportunity in business and surveying when Wallace developed fascination
Geologists say that the 1000 Islands were formed from an ancient mountain range that has been whittled down to their present size over millions of years. I know of no island of the eighteen hundred in this chain that has an elevation of more than a hundred feet or so, and there hundreds and perhaps thousands of would-be islands that never were prominent enough to rise above the water surface. Just below the surface these rock obstructions lurk in wait of the unsuspecting boater. Areas like Chippewa Bay, Thousand Islands Park and Ivy Lea are notorious for their rock-infested waters.
Isle Royale has many different features. Isle Royale is a remote national park in the United States. Remote means a place situated far from the main center of population. It is formed out of volcanic rock and is in the Great lakes. The island has many different types of trees such as, conifer, birch, astfen, and seeder. In the island there is a trail named Greenstone Ridge, it streches across the entire island. The island has rocky shores. Many different ships have crashed and sunk to the bottom of the ocean. Isle Royale is very difficult to reach and you can only reach it by boat. The island has many animals such as, wolves and moose. Isle Royale has many great characteristics.
Wallace’s line, located in the Malay-Archipelago, is one of the best known and most studied boundaries of zoogeography in the world. It is a transition zone between the islands of Borneo and Sulawesi and the islands of Bali and Lombork, which marks both the convergence and division of the diverse flora and fauna found in the Asian (Borneo, The Philippines, and Western Indonesia), and the Australian regions (Sulawesi, Eastern Indonesia, Australia, and New Guinea) (Schulte 2003). The hypothetical line was first proposed by Alfred Russel Wallace in 1858 after observing many morphological differences of various bird species in the Asian and Australian regions (Raven 1935).
When visiting Te Raekaihou Point on the New Zealand Rocky Shore, our intent was to analyse interspecific relations between species found on the Rocky Shore and to investigate a pattern in the ecological community. Samples were taken using transect lines and quadrats, and observations were made both in terms of a site profile, as well as making measurements such as Salinity, pH of the Water, Air Temperature, Water Temperature and Light Intensity. The two species I have chosen to investigate the relationship between were the Ornate Limpet (Cellana Ornata) and the Black Nerite (Nerita Melanotragus). he main abiotic factors were Tidal Movement and the Substrate on the shore.
Science and technology is important to society and is often used in our everyday lives. We often have no idea how science and technology really affect us. We work and live in a world driven by technology and science. Science is crucial because it has helped form the world that we live in today. Charles Robert Darwin was an English geologist and naturalist, best known for his significant addition to the science of evolution. He had a theory that all species have inherited traits over time from common ancestors, and in a partnership with Alfred Russel Wallace introduced his scientific theory that this pattern of evolution resulted from an action that he called natural selection, in which the struggle for