How Do Different Theoretical Perspectives and Methodologies Create Different Forms of Knowledge About Close Relationships? Discuss with Reference to the Cognitive Social and Social Psychoanalytic Perspectives.

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Option A: How do different theoretical perspectives and methodologies create different forms of knowledge about close relationships? Discuss with reference to the cognitive social and social psychoanalytic perspectives. Social Psychology is divided into four different theoretical perspectives. Every perspective is strengthened by a set of ontological and epistemological assumptions, that profile the kinds of research questions that can be generated and the sorts of methodologies used to address research questions. Then, methods employed delimit the kinds of social psychological knowledge that is produced. In this essay, two perspectives will be studied around the topic of close relationships: Cognitive Social approach and Social…show more content…
Love is thus expressed in a cultural context and those who are not in the frame can feel pressures from their respective cultures to not reveal their love (affairs, homosexual relationships). Looking at cohabitation, using statistical researches, it has been showed that the frequency of cohabitation is higher in young couples than old ones, demonstrating a change over time in the cultural way of seeing it. Looking for further factors that can predict love and allow us to foresee its success or failure, specific stimuli or characteristics were highlighted such as matched characteristics, demographic origins or backgrounds, personality characteristics (similarities and differences), intimacy or idea of “being a couple”, that can predict the progress, stability and success of relationships. Those characteristics were, for example, stated after analysis of questionnaire presenting question such as “what sorts of people get into the most stable and happy relationships?”. This kind of methods enable the researchers to analyze people’s belief and knowledge about relationships and find that they are often related to religion, economic, background, race, age, intelligence, and so on. Social influences can also take control of relationships by pressuring people with expectations for a successful marriage. The pressures or disapproval, might through someone in or out a relationship without his/her better judgment. There is the “Romeo and Juliet effect”, but it has been
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