How Do We Know Something?

2341 WordsOct 24, 201610 Pages
How do we know something?¨ Well people can know something through three ways: 1.)experiential/empirical 2.)cognitive/rational and 3.)constructed/creational. With experiential a person can know something because they have experienced it, basically through the five senses. With cognitive one knows something because it has been thought through, argued, or rationalized. With constructed a person knows something because they created it and it may be subjective instead of objective and it may be based on practice or awareness. There will be five authors that will be referenced in this essay, they are Hume, Kant, and Locke. Empiricism, A-priorism, and Skepticism will be discussed. Empiricism: A mind that is blank has no room to process sensations. A blank mind is no mind at all. The process of empiricism can’t even begin. The senses aren’t trustworthy. The first step in an empirical theory of knowledge is the regaining of data through the senses. For this process to succeed the senses must be trustworthy. If a witness in a criminal case is shown to have perjured himself, how much credence do you give to the other statements he made. If you’re eyes deceive you once you can’t believe any of it. It is impossible to distinguish a valid perception from an invalid perception. Empiricism cannot determine individuals. “This massive mountain (Mt. Blanca) stands at the southern end of the Sangre de Cristo range. Is it them really a thing, an individual, a primary reality? If the entire
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