How Does Chronic Kidney Disease Affect the Level of Organization?

1747 Words Aug 17th, 2013 7 Pages

There are two kidneys, each about the size of a fist, located on either side of the spine at the lowest level of the rib cage. Each kidney contains up to a million functioning units called nephrons. A nephron consists of a filtering unit of tiny blood vessels called a glomerulus attached to a tubule. When blood enters the glomerulus, it is filtered and the remaining fluid then passes along the tubule. In the tubule, chemicals and water are either added to or removed from this filtered fluid according to the body's needs, the final product being the urine we excrete. The kidneys perform their life-sustaining job of filtering and returning to the bloodstream about 200
…show more content…
Heart and blood vessel disease (cardiovascular disease) 4. Weak bones and an increased risk of bone fractures 5. Anemia 6. Decreased sex drive or impotence 7. Damage to your central nervous system, which can cause difficulty concentrating, personality changes or seizures 8. Decreased immune response, which makes you more vulnerable to infection 9. Pericarditis, an inflammation of the sac-like membrane that envelops your heart (pericardium) 10. Pregnancy complications that carry risks for the mother and the developing fetus 11. Irreversible damage to your kidneys (end-stage kidney disease), eventually requiring either dialysis or a kidney transplant for survival

* How does CKD affects the Organ (specifically the Kidney/Urinary System as general)? Kidney Failure patients always experience a series of urine changes like frequent urination at night, decreased urine output, bubbly urine, blood urine and urgent urine and so on. All these symptoms are related with urinary system. Well, how does kidney failure affect the urinary system on earth?
Actually, urinary system is not an isolated organ and is composed of kidney, ureter, bladder and urethra. Kidney plays the role of filtering blood, during which blood and wastes are separated. Filtered blood flow out of kidney through renal vein and wastes flow

More about How Does Chronic Kidney Disease Affect the Level of Organization?

Open Document