How Does Emotion Affect Our Personal And Social Lives?

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“Anybody can become angry-that is easy, but to be angry with the right person, to the right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way - that is not within everybody 's power and is not easy” (Leonard, Miles & Ban der Kar, 1994, p. 203). This is a quote from Aristotle, which is consistent with what has been called emotion regulation (Gross, 1998).
Emotions occur in a variety of settings and they can activate us to action or deactivate us into complacency. Anger may make us take action against an injustice. Fear may make us more alert. Sadness may make us withdraw from. Shame may make us conceal our self. Delight, interest and curiosity may mobilize us to move towards an action. Indeed emotions can deeply affect our personal and social lives, benefiting us in many ways but sometimes emotions may be detrimental. Some examples are, the anxiety of a goalie who lets in a goal in the world cup and performs poorly in the rest of the match; the high activation of a police officer who acts unjustly when facing an emotionally challenging situation (Berking, Meier, Wupperman, 2010); the fear of a fire-fighter who loses courage with children who are in danger (Scott & Myers, 2005).
Knowing when and how to regulate inappropriate emotional responses can enhance personal and social competencies. Studies have shown that emotion regulation is an important factor in enhancing personal well-being and effective interpersonal communication skills (Gross
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