How Does Genetic Engineering Affect Human Health And The Environment?

1409 Words Apr 23rd, 2015 6 Pages
Genetic engineering is a technique involving the manipulation of an organism’s genome through the insertion of a gene, removal of a nucleotide sequence or alteration of a gene’s ability to express itself. The resultant being, a genetically modified organism is a major source of nutrition in the contemporary world. The year 1994 marked the dawn of a new era in both genetics and the food processing industry when the Flavr Savr tomato which lacked the protein for ripening hit shelves (McLean). This method of food production has over the past few decades become so widely practiced that a significant amount of nutriment is obtained through the consumption of genetically manufactured food items. In fact, in the United States of America 75% of the total processed food consists of at least a single ingredient prepared through such means (McLean). Despite the extensive intake of genetically modified food in our diet, they are detrimental to human health and the environment.
It is argued that there is a dire need for the rapid large scale manufacture of genetically modified food to cater the requirements of the population. With the current population increasing at a rate of 2% per annum, it is essential to have a 70% rise in the food production by 2050 as concluded by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Alford). Out of the all the options available to solve this predicament, people most often resort to the application of genetics addressing it as the sole…
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