The foreshadowing in this novel prepares readers for decisions Santiago will make later on. This idea is evident when Santiago is explaining to the king why he is shepherd. "They wanted me to be a priest, but I decided to become a shepherd." "Because you really like to travel."" (Coelho 18). When the King completes Santiago's claim by saying that he loves to travel, an inference can be that he will make decisions that will keep him traveling. For example, he decides to keep going on his personal legend instead of staying with Fatima. Nonconformity is seen when Santiago tells the King that even though his parents want him to be a priest, he decides to become a shepherd. In using foreshadowing, Coelho also manages to implant symbolism in the same idea.
In the book The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway uses the flashback technique in order to characterize Santiago and develop key themes of the novel, such as Santiago’s connection with nature and what it means to be a hero. Hemingway employs several flashbacks as an effective technique that develops Santiago’s character as he recalls past occurrences in order to renew his strength of will. There are three flashbacks in particular that are critical to the development of this story. The first flashback describes a time when Santiago associated himself with the marlins. The second flashback occurs when Santiago arm-wrestled the town’s strongest
Furthermore, the image of the old man struggling up the hill with his mast across his shoulders recalls Christ’s march toward Calvary. Even the position in which Santiago collapses on his bed—face down with his arms out straight and the palms of his hands up—brings to mind the image of Christ suffering on the cross. Hemingway employs these images in the final pages of the novella in order to link Santiago to Christ, who exemplified transcendence by turning loss into gain, defeat into triumph, and even death into renewed life.
When describing the man he said “the old man was thin and gaunt with deep wrinkles in the back of his neck (9)”. This depicts how old Santiago really was and how close he was to the end of his life. Hemingway also described the flag on his sail as “looking like the flag of permanent defeat (9)”. This quote foreshadows Santiago’s eventual death which was caused by going out at sea past his ordinary limits.
In Ernest Hemingway’s novel, The Old Man and the Sea, Santiago demonstrates the traits of the code hero. The Hemingway’s code hero covers the principal ideals of honor, courage, and endurance in a misfortune life. Throughout the novel, Santiago shows a contrast between opposite attitudes and values which associate his behavior with the guidelines of the code. In this case, the depiction of conflicting values, such as dignity despite humility, perseverance despite despair, and victory despite defeat are aspects that help to describe and understand the role of Santiago in the novel, and reflect the reason why this character is perfectly suited to the heroic conduct established by Hemingway.
The Old Man and The Sea is more than a book about a fish and an old man, it teaches us strength and never giving up on ourselves. The Old Man and The Sea is written by Ernest Hemingway about Santiago, The Old Man. Hemingway is a writer known for his iceberg themes in his novels, where ten percent of its message is what you read and the ninety percent is hidden. That ninety percent is up to interpretation. My interpretation is Hemingway’s The Old Man and The Sea he expresses the idea of staying humble no matter the consequences through the struggle Santiago has with the greatest catch of his life. I believe that Hemingway wishes he was Santiago, because he is a kind, humble and sober old man.
In The Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway uses Santiago to demonstrate some of the qualities of a Hemingway Code Hero. Throughout the novel, Santiago encounters many trials and tribulations that test his role as a code hero. While reading the novel one will see that Santiago endures many of the rules of a code hero. However, the ones he encounters the most are misfortune, honor, and courage. Hemingway uses these rules in his novel in such a way that one can fully understand the life of Santiago.
Santiago is an old fisherman who has the worst of luck. He goes out fishing every day but comes home to his shack empty handed. “I could just drift, he thought, and sleep and put a bight of line around my toe to wake me. But today is eighty-five days and I should fish the day well. Just then, watching his lines, he saw one of the projecting green sticks dip sharply," (Hemingway 13). This quote reveals much about Santiago and the theme of the book. It has been eighty-five days since
“Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated”Hemingway develops Santiago as a hero in order to show how fragile things can be strong in the inside.Even Though santiago seemed like a weak old man, while he was alone at sea trying to catch a fish;he demonstrates how strong,positive,and undefeated he is.
Glittering glass buildings surrounded by small architectural wonders, all with snowcapped mountains in the background. Sound familiar? Santiago, the capital of the South American country Chile, is a gem of a city in the Andes Mountains. As is typical with South American cities, a mix of ancient tradition and European influence meet beautiful wonders of the natural world, leaving visitors with plenty of things to see and do while touring around. Feeling a little overwhelmed? Take a look at these nine sights to see in Santiago to help get your trip started.
Ernest Hemingway’s style consists of many unique traits that portray his writing: his way of conveying that, “The Hero,” isn’t what one imagines, a physically good-looking character, in a good physical state and someone who is perfect. Yet, Ernest Hemingway’s of portraying “The Hero” is odd: someone of age, health issues, and a courageous, unconquerable, brave person who never gives up, protagonist, Santiago. Santiago said, “A man can be destroyed but not defeated” and was exactly how Santiago managed his problems.
The lions, first presented in a flashback to Santiago’s childhood, and most important throughout the story in Santiago’s dreams, develop to symbolize his youth and indirectly symbolize the boy. When relating to Manolin the things that mean most to him, Santiago expresses “When I was your age I was before the mast on a square-rigged ship that ran to Africa and I have seen lions on the beaches in the evening” (Hemingway). This marks the beginning of the comparable relation between Santiago’s youthful memories of the lion and his thoughts of Manolin. The lions also symbolize Santiago’s dwindling stance as a revered fisherman. As lions in their native habitat, hold a reverence as symbols of bravery, adventure, and strength, when presented in Santiago’s dreams the lions lacked these characteristics, and are instead marked by playfulness and adolescence. This distinct contrast symbolizes a decline in the characteristics that once marked Santiago as a famous fisherman of his time. These shifts in characteristic, displayed in Santiago’s memory of the lions also inspire a perspective of humbleness in Santiago’s dull character. Considering the link between the lion’s and Santiago’s lively youth is equivalent to his memory of them in his dull adulthood, the lions infuse a sense of transition from childhood to adulthood with sustained virtue in Santiago’s character. The lions accomplish the same task in balancing the link between Santiago and his young
In his achievement of the Old Man and the Sea, Ernest Hemingway created a “Code Hero” character named Santiago. As Santiago the main character, Hemingway gave him the traits of courage, endurance, and friendship. Santiago was a unique character who demonstrated the different aspect of courage when he said “Have faith in the Yankees my son. Think of the great Joe DiMaggio.” Santiago was a different character who showed throughout his situation endurance when he said “Fish… I’ll stay with you until I am dead.” Santiago showed his great loyalty out in sea with creatures of the sea. Santiago said “They are good… They play and make jokes and love one another. They are our brothers like the flying fish”. Santiago was great character who accomplish
Despite the clear hierarchy of this teacher/student relationship, Santiago does stress his equality with the boy. When Manolin asks to buy the old man a beer, Santiago replies, "Why not?...Between fisherman". And when Manolin asks to help Santiago with his fishing, Santiago replies, "You are already a man" . By demonstrating that Santiago has little more to teach the boy, this equality foreshadows the impending separation of the two friends, and also indicates that this will not be a story about a young boy learning from an old man, but a story of an old man learning the unique lessons of the autumn of life.
Throughout the book, The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway uses a writing style known as stream of consciousness which entails using uninterrupted thoughts and feelings of the main character. This writing style shows through the character Santiago while he is at sea. Santiago talks to himself which essentially correlates to how he feels at that moment. The usage of the technique stream of consciousness engages the reader into how the character feels during that moment making the reader connected to the character. Hemingway uses this technique to its fullest in the novel when the author shows Santiago talking to himself about DiMaggio and to then eventually thinking that he wanted to be the marlin.