How Does a Family Work as a System Essay

751 Words Jun 7th, 2012 4 Pages
How does a family work as a system in promoting health
Families are a natural social structure. The widely accepted definition of family is “a group of two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption” (Medalie & Cole-Kelly, 2002, p. 1277). This definition is inclusive of the many different structures of families to allow for big, small, single parent, dual parent, gay and lesbian, heterosexual, adoptive, and biological. The family plays an integral part in the health of its members, which often leads to the stretching of the family unit beyond this definition to include extended family. The family unit is more than a collection of units. Culture and values play a large role in how families react and deal with issues
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Families must be involved in the care of the child throughout treatment. The family is the fundamental source of support to the child and to promote health family involvement is essential. To this end parents and grandparents are not considered visitors but part of the team treating the child within our organization. Goals must be mutually supported by the team; with barriers such as hidden expectations and unclear roles eliminated through open communication. The desired outcome from this partnership is a strengthening of family heath and well being (Freidman, Bowden, & Jones, 2003). Hospitalization is a stressful event for the majority of individuals the nurse reacts in a manner to mitigate the stressor to the entire family unit.

Nuemans systems model is based on the reaction to stress. The model has a central core surrounded by lines of resistance. The lines of resistance represent how the individual or family react to the stressor. The nurses role is to help stabilize the system through levels of prevention. Primary prevention is meant to protect and strengthen the normal lines of defense. Secondary prevention the nurse intervenes to assist in strengthening internal lines of resistance through reduction in the reaction to the stressor. Tertiary prevention is after the stressor the nurses assists the individual or family in returning to a state of wellness.

Theory conducive to use in practice

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