How Does the UN Charter Try to Limit the Incidence and the Severity of Wars? Does It Work?
2162 Words9 Pages
During World War I and World War II countries lost enough human and economical resources that they decided to establish principles embodied in the form of the United Nations to
“practice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as good neighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace and security, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution of methods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest, and...” According to the Charter of the United Nations, maintaining international peace and security is the main purpose of the United Nations. To ensure that this goal can be meet, the Security Council has been set up as the UN organ that decides about the security…show more content… Article 51 of the chapter recognises the right of self-defence for the members of the United Nations until the Council determines and proceeds to maintain peace.
The UN Charter also encourages the regional arrangements to be active in the scene and prevent any threat to international security. Chapter VIII highlights the importance of cooperation of the regional agencies with the Security Council in preventing and resolving the security problems.
Interpretations and applications of the UN Charter to limit war incidents and their severity
There are different interpretations of what might be a threat to international peace and security and when is the case for a country to self-defence. However, there are issues that are unanimously considered as threats by the Security Council and other UN members. These are the incidents that may result to a war including disputes over the geographical possession of a territory and resources (i.e. Kashmir dispute) and ethnicity or ideological conflicts (Balkan). War may also be fuelled by the economical interests of a group or a country as it was the case with rebels funded by conflict diamond in Angola and Sierra Leone.
It has been argued that there are some levels of inconsistency between the international law and the UN Charter in defining what might be a threat and when a threat should be confronted. Should a