How Effectively Did Tudor Governments Deal with Rebellion in England and Ireland?

2564 Words Apr 17th, 2013 11 Pages
How effectively did Tudor governments deal with rebellion in England and Ireland?
Tudor governments were relatively successful in dealing with the problem of rebellion, although this was more effective towards the end of the period than at the beginning shown through the decline in rebellion after 1549: only 5 English rebellions occurred as opposed to 10 before 1549. Over the course of the Tudor period the main aims of rebellions were only fully achieved in the rebellions of 1525, the Amicable Grant and 1553. In addition to this the reforms made to local government, policies directly implemented by central government and the effects of trials and retribution, such as Henry VII’s concessions made to the late 15th century pretenders, Lambert
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In Ireland, rival clan chiefs were offered rewards, pardons and promises in return for helping to maintain English rule, Elizabeth in particular in 1558 for example, invited rebel leader Shane O’Neill to London where she recognised him as Earl of Tyrone. A similar policy of conciliatory politics can be observed under Edward VI and Henry VIII, who in response to the Pilgrimage of Grace sent the Duke of Northumberland to bargain with rebel leaders; Robert Aske was even invited to the palace and treated with dignity on Christmas day 1536. Protector Somerset, operating on Edward’s behalf, sent Peter Carew to persude the Prayer Book rebels to disperse in 1549, arguably with lesser success considering his heavy protestant agenda, conciliatory politics is also shown to be used to lesser success through Henry VII’s decision to replace members of the leading clan, the Geraldines, with loyal English officials actually resulted in increased disorder from 1534-1603 and attempts by rival Irish clans to seize power.
Concessions were generally made to rebels were largely a strategy used to buy time to assemble troops to suppress rebellions in Tudor England. However some lasting concessions made by Tudor governments